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Configuration Guide - MPLS

S7700 and S9700 V200R013C00

This document describes the configurations of MPLS, including Static LSP, MPLS LDP, MPLS QoS, MPLS TE, MPLS OAM, Seamless MPLS.
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Configuring BFD with Specific Parameters on the Egress Node

Configuring BFD with Specific Parameters on the Egress Node

Context

BFD parameters on the egress node include the local and remote discriminators, minimum intervals for sending and receiving BFD packets, and local BFD detection multiplier. The BFD parameters affect BFD session setup.

You can adjust the local detection time according to the network situation. On an unstable link, if a small detection time is used, a BFD session may flap. You can increase the detection time of the BFD session.

NOTE:

Actual interval for the local device to send BFD packets = MAX {locally configured interval for sending BFD packets, remotely configured interval for receiving BFD packets}

Actual interval for the local device to receive BFD packets = MAX {remotely configured interval for sending BFD packets, locally configured interval for receiving BFD packets}

Local detection time = Actual interval for receiving BFD packets x Remotely configured BFD detection multiplier

Perform the following steps on the egress node of the LSP.

Procedure

  1. Run system-view

    The system view is displayed.

  2. Run bfd

    This node is enabled with the global BFD function. The global BFD view is displayed.

    By default, global BFD is disabled.

  3. Run quit

    Return to the system view.

  4. The IP link, LSP, or TE tunnel can be used as the reverse tunnel to inform the egress node of a fault. To ensure that BFD packets are received and sent along the same path, an LSP or TE tunnel is preferentially used to inform the egress node of an LSP fault. If the configured reverse tunnel requires BFD detection, configure a pair of BFD sessions for it. Run one of the following commands as required.

    • For the IP link, run bfd cfg-name bind peer-ip peer-ip [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ interface interface-type interface-number ] [ source-ip source-ip ]

    • For the dynamic LSP, run bfd cfg-name bind ldp-lsp peer-ip ip-address nexthop ip-address [ interface interface-type interface-number ]

    • For the static LSP, run bfd cfg-name bind static-lsp lsp-name

    • For MPLS TE, run bfd cfg-name bind mpls-te interface tunnel interface-number [ te-lsp [ backup ] ]

  5. Set local and remote discriminators of a BFD session.

    • Run discriminator local discr-value

      The local discriminator is configured.

    • Run discriminator remote discr-value

      The remote discriminator is configured.

    NOTE:

    The local and remote discriminators of the two ends on a BFD session must be correctly associated. That is, the local discriminator of the local device and the remote discriminator of the remote device are the same, and the remote discriminator of the local device and the local discriminator of the remote device are the same. Otherwise, the BFD session cannot be correctly set up. In addition, the local and remote discriminators cannot be modified after being successfully configured.

  6. (Optional) Run min-tx-interval interval

    The interval for sending BFD packets is set on the local device.

  7. (Optional) Run min-rx-interval interval

    The interval for receiving BFD packets is set on the local device.

  8. (Optional) Run detect-multiplier multiplier

    The local BFD detection multiplier is set.

    By default, the value is 3.

  9. (Optional) Run process-pst

    The changes of the BFD session status can be advertised to the upper-layer application.

    By default, a static BFD session cannot report faults of the monitored service module to the system.

    If an LSP is used as a reverse tunnel to notify the ingress of a fault, you can run this command to allow the reverse tunnel to switch traffic if the BFD session goes Down. If a single-hop IP link is used as a reverse tunnel, this command can be configured. Because the process-pst command can be only configured for BFD single-link detection.

  10. Run commit

    The configuration is committed.

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Updated: 2019-04-08

Document ID: EDOC1100065745

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