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Configuration Guide - VPN

S7700 and S9700 V200R013C00

This document describes the configurations of VPN, including GRE, IPSec, BGP/MPLS IP VPN, BGP/MPLS IPv6 VPN, VLL, PWE3, VPLS, L2VPN Access to L3VPN.
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Configuring IP+VPNv4 Hybrid FRR

Configuring IP+VPNv4 Hybrid FRR


Hybrid FRR is used in CE dual-homing scenarios. If the next hop of the route from a PE to a CE is unreachable, hybrid FRR can quickly switch the route to the backup link. The traffic is then forwarded to the backup PE over a VPN tunnel and finally sent to the destination through IP forwarding on the private network.

IP+VPNv4 hybrid FRR can be configured in CE dual-homing scenarios to quickly switch traffic to the backup PE when the next hop of the route from a PE to a CE is unreachable.

As shown in Figure 3-46, IP+VPNv4 hybrid FRR is configured on PE2. Link A between PE2 and CE3 is the primary link, and Link B along PE2, PE3, and CE3 is the backup link. When PE2 detects that Link A is unreachable, it immediately switches VPN traffic to Link B and then performs other operations to trigger VPN route convergence. This minimizes impact of the link failure on VPN services.

Figure 3-46  Networking for IP+VPNv4 hybrid FRR

The device supports two ways to implement IP+VPNv4 hybrid FRR, which are applicable to different networking environments and configured differently:

  • IP FRR: used when a routing protocol other than BGP is running between PE and CE devices.

  • BGP auto FRR: used when only BGP is running between PE and CE devices.

Perform the following configuration on PE devices to which a CE is dual homed.


  • Configure IP FRR.
    1. Run system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    2. Run route-policy route-policy-name { permit | deny } node node

      A route-policy node is created, and the route-policy view is displayed.

    3. Run apply backup-nexthop ipv4-address

      A backup next hop is specified.

      To ensure that the route can be iterated to the backup tunnel, set ipv4-address to the loopback interface address of the peer PE.

    4. Run quit

      Return to the system view.

    5. Run ip vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

      The VPN instance view is displayed.

    6. Run ipv4-family

      The VPN instance IPv4 address family view is displayed.

    7. Run ip frr route-policy route-policy-name

      IP FRR is enabled.

  • Configure BGP auto FRR.
    1. Run system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    2. Run bgp { as-number-plain | as-number-dot }

      The BGP view is displayed.

    3. Run ipv4-family vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

      The BGP-VPN instance IPv4 address family view is displayed.

    4. Run auto-frr

      BGP auto FRR is enabled for the BGP-VPN instance IPv4 address family.

Verifying the Configuration

Run the display ip routing-table vpn-instance vpn-instance-name [ ip-address ] verbose command to check the backup next hop, backup tunnel, and backup label for a VPN route.

Updated: 2019-04-08

Document ID: EDOC1100065751

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