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Configuration Guide - IP Multicast

CloudEngine 12800 and 12800E V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of IP multicast, including IP multicast basics, IGMP, MLD, PIM (IPv4), PIM (IPv6), MSDP, multicast VPN, multicast route management (IPv4), multicast route management (IPv6), IGMP snooping, MLD snooping, static multicast MAC address, multicast VLAN, multicast network management.
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Configuring MLD Fast Leave

Configuring MLD Fast Leave

Context

In some scenarios, a Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) querier interface connects to only one receiver host. If the host frequently switches between multiple multicast groups, you can configure the fast leave function on the interface so that the interface can quickly respond to Multicast Listener Done messages sent from the host.

After fast leave is configured, the querier does not send a Multicast Address Specific Query message or Multicast Address and Source Specific Query message after receiving a Multicast Listener Done message. Instead, the querier directly notifies the upstream multicast device that the host has left the multicast group. The fast leave function reduces delay in response to Done messages and saves network bandwidth.

To limit the range of multicast groups that member hosts can leave fast, configure an IPv6 access control list (ACL6) to define the range of multicast groups and then reference this ACL6. For details about the ACL6 configuration, see "ACL Configuration" in the CloudEngine 12800 and 12800E Series Switches Configuration Guide - Security.

Procedure

  1. Run system-view

    The system view is displayed.

  2. Run interface interface-type interface-number

    The interface view is displayed.

  3. On an Ethernet interface, run undo portswitch

    The interface is switched to Layer 3 mode.

    By default, an Ethernet interface works in Layer 2 mode.

    The mode switching function takes effect when the interface only has attribute configurations (for example, shutdown and description configurations). Alternatively, if configuration information supported by both Layer 2 and Layer 3 interfaces exists (for example, mode lacp and lacp system-id configurations), no configuration that is not supported after the working mode of the interface is switched can exist. If unsupported configurations exist on the interface, delete the configurations first and then run the undo portswitch command.

    NOTE:

    If many Ethernet interfaces need to be switched to Layer 3 mode, run the undo portswitch batch interface-type { interface-number1 [ to interface-number2 ] } &<1-10> command in the system view to switch these interfaces to Layer 3 mode in batches.

  4. Run mld prompt-leave [ group-policy { acl6-number | acl6-name acl6-name } ]

    Fast leave is configured on the interface.

    By default, the switch sends Multicast Address Specific Query messages or Multicast Address and Source Specific Query messages after receiving a Done message.

    NOTE:

    When configuring an ACL6 for an interface, use the permit parameter to allow the hosts connected to the interface to quickly leave multicast groups with addresses in a specified range. If no rule is configured in the ACL6, hosts connected to the interface cannot quickly leave any multicast groups.

  5. Run commit

    The configuration is committed.

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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100074724

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