No relevant resource is found in the selected language.

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Read our privacy policy>Search

Reminder

To have a better experience, please upgrade your IE browser.

upgrade

Configuration Guide - IP Unicast Routing

CloudEngine 8800, 7800, 6800, and 5800 V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of IP Unicast Routing, including IP Routing, Static Route, RIP, RIPng, OSPF, OSPFv3, IPv4 IS-IS, IPv6 IS-IS, BGP, Routing Policy, and PBR.
Rate and give feedback:
Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Permanent Advertisement of Static Routes

Permanent Advertisement of Static Routes

Permanent advertisement of static routes provides a low-cost and simple link detection mechanism and improves compatibility between Huawei and non-Huawei devices. If service traffic needs to be forwarded along a specified path, you can ping the destination addresses of static routes to detect the link connectivity and monitor services.

Link connectivity determines the stability and availability of a network. Therefore, link detection plays an important role in network maintenance. BFD, as a link detection mechanism, is inapplicable to certain scenarios. For example, a simpler and more natural method is required for link detection between ISPs.

After permanent advertisement of static routes is configured, the static routes that cannot be advertised are still preferred and added to the routing table in the following cases:

  • If an outbound interface configured with an IP address is specified for a static route, the static route is always preferred and added to the routing table regardless of whether the outbound interface is Up or Down.

  • If no outbound interface is specified for a static route, the static route is always preferred and added to the routing table regardless of whether the static route can be iterated to an outbound interface.

In this way, you can enable IP packets to be always forwarded by controlling the preference and prefix length of this static route. The permanent advertisement mechanism provides a way for you to detect link connectivity.

A device enabled with this feature always stores static routes in its IP routing table, regardless of whether the static routes are reachable. If a path is unreachable, the corresponding static route may become a blackhole route.

Application Scenarios

In Figure 2-2, BR1, BR2, and BR3 belong to ISP1, ISP2, and ISP3 respectively. There are two reachable links (Link A and Link B) between BR1 and BR2. ISP1, however, requires that service traffic be forwarded to ISP2 over Link A without traveling through ISP3.

Figure 2-2 Networking diagram for applying permanent advertisement of static routes

The External Border Gateway Protocol (EBGP) peer relationship is established between BR1 and BR2. For service monitoring, a static route destined for the BGP peer (BR2) at 10.1.1.2/24 is configured on BR1, and permanent advertisement of static routes is enabled. The interface that connects BR1 to BR2 is specified as the outbound interface of the static route. Then, the network monitoring system periodically pings 10.1.1.2 to determine the status of Link A.

If Link A works properly, ping packets are forwarded over Link A. If Link A becomes faulty, although service traffic can reach BR2 over Link B, the static route is still preferred because permanent advertisement of static routes is enabled. Therefore, ping packets are still forwarded over Link A, but packet forwarding fails. This scenario is also applicable to BGP packets. That is, a link fault causes the BGP peer relationship to be interrupted. The network monitoring system detects service faults as returned in the ping result and prompts maintenance engineers to rectify the faults before services are affected.

Translation
Download
Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100074760

Views: 45666

Downloads: 58

Average rating:
This Document Applies to these Products
Related Documents
Related Version
Share
Previous Next