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Configuration Guide - Security

CloudEngine 8800, 7800, 6800, and 5800 V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of Security, including ACL, local attack defense, MFF, attack defense, traffic suppression and storm control, ARP security, Port security, DHCP snooping, ND snooping, PPPoE+, IPSG, SAVI, separating the management plane from the service plane, security risks.
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Defense Against Bogus DHCP Server Attacks

Defense Against Bogus DHCP Server Attacks

Mechanism

Because DHCP servers and DHCP clients lack authentication mechanisms between them, each DHCP server newly configured on a network assigns IP addresses and other network parameters to DHCP clients. If the assigned IP addresses and other network parameters are incorrect, errors may occur on the network.

In Figure 13-1, authorized and unauthorized DHCP servers can receive DHCP Discover messages broadcast by DHCP clients.

Figure 13-1 DHCP client sending DHCP Discover messages

If a bogus DHCP server sends a bogus DHCP Reply message with the incorrect gateway address, Domain Name System (DNS) server address, and IP address to a DHCP client, as shown in Figure 13-2, the DHCP client cannot obtain the correct IP address and required information. The authorized user then fails to access the network and user information security is affected.

Figure 13-2 Bogus DHCP server attack

Solution

To prevent attacks from a bogus DHCP server, configure the trusted interface and untrusted interfaces on the device.

You can configure the interface directly or indirectly connected to the authorized DHCP server as the trusted interface and other interfaces as untrusted interfaces. The device then discards DHCP Reply messages received through untrusted interfaces, preventing bogus DHCP server attacks, as shown in Figure 13-3.

Figure 13-3 Trusted interface and untrusted interfaces
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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100074765

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