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Configuration Guide - VPN

CloudEngine 12800 and 12800E V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of VPN, including GRE, BGP/MPLS IP VPN, BGP/MPLS IPv6 VPN, VLL, PWE3, and VPLS.
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Binding a VPN Instance to an Interface

Binding a VPN Instance to an Interface

Prerequisites

A VPN instance has been created and the IPv4 address family has been enabled for the VPN instance.

Context

The configuration on the Hub-PE device involves two interfaces or layer 3 sub-interfaces: one is bound to the VPN-in instance to receive the routes advertised by the Spoke-PE device. The other interface is bound to the VPN-out instance to advertise the routes of the Hub site and all the Spoke sites.

  • After configuring a VPN instance on a PE device, bind the VPN instance to the interface that belongs to the VPN. Otherwise, the interface functions as a public network interface and cannot forward VPN data.
  • An interface becomes a private network interface after a VPN instance is bound to it. You must reconfigure an IP address for the interface so that the PE device can exchange routing information with its attached CE device.
  • After a VPN instance is bound to an interface, Layer 3 configurations including IP addresses and routing protocols will be deleted from the interface.
  • When you disable an address family in a VPN instance, the configuration of the address family will be deleted from the interface. The binding relationship between VPN instance and interface will be removed if no address family configuration exists in the VPN instance.
NOTE:

A VPN instance is usually bound to a loopback interface to test whether two private networks can communicate. Before binding a VPN instance to a loopback interface, bind the instance to a VLANIF interface or a physical interface. In actual service applications, a VPN instance must be bound to a VLANIF interface, a physical interface, or a tunnel interface.

Perform the following steps on the Hub-PE and all the Spoke-PE devices.

Procedure

  1. Run system-view

    The system view is displayed.

  2. Run interface interface-type interface-number

    The interface view is displayed.

  3. On an Ethernet interface, run undo portswitch

    The interface is switched to Layer 3 mode.

    By default, an Ethernet interface works in Layer 2 mode.

    The mode switching function takes effect when the interface only has attribute configurations (for example, shutdown and description configurations). Alternatively, if configuration information supported by both Layer 2 and Layer 3 interfaces exists (for example, mode lacp and lacp system-id configurations), no configuration that is not supported after the working mode of the interface is switched can exist. If unsupported configurations exist on the interface, delete the configurations first and then run the undo portswitch command.

    NOTE:

    If many Ethernet interfaces need to be switched to Layer 3 mode, run the undo portswitch batch interface-type { interface-number1 [ to interface-number2 ] } &<1-10> command in the system view to switch these interfaces to Layer 3 mode in batches.

  4. Run ip binding vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

    A VPN instance is bound to the interface.

    By default, an interface is a public network interface and is not associated with any VPN instance.

  5. Run ip address ip-address { mask | mask-length }

    An IP address is configured for the interface.

  6. Run commit

    The configuration is committed.

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Updated: 2019-04-03

Document ID: EDOC1100075353

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