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Configuration Guide - IP Multicast

CloudEngine 8800, 7800, 6800, and 5800 V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of IP multicast, including IP multicast basics, IGMP, MLD, PIM (IPv4), PIM (IPv6), MSDP, multicast VPN, multicast route management (IPv4), multicast route management (IPv6), IGMP snooping, MLD snooping, static multicast MAC address, multicast VLAN, multicast network management.
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Licensing Requirements and Limitations for IPv6 PIM

Licensing Requirements and Limitations for IPv6 PIM

Involved Network Elements

An IPv6 multicast network may have the following network elements:
  • Multicast source: sends multicast data to receiver hosts. For example, a video server is a multicast source.
  • Device running IPv6 Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM): uses the IPv6 PIM protocol to generate multicast routing entries and forwards multicast data based on multicast routing entries. On an IPv6 multicast network, all Layer 3 devices must run IPv6 PIM; otherwise, multicast forwarding paths cannot be established.
  • MLD querier: exchanges MLD messages with receiver hosts to create and maintain group memberships. On an IPv6 multicast network, Layer 3 devices connected to network segments of receivers must run the MLD protocol or be configured with static MLD groups. Otherwise, upstream PIM devices cannot know the multicast groups that users want to join, and therefore cannot establish multicast forwarding paths.
  • Device running MLD snooping: listens on MLD messages exchanged between upstream Layer 3 multicast devices and receiver hosts to create and maintain Layer 2 multicast forwarding entries, which are used for accurate multicast data forwarding on a Layer 2 network. To prevent broadcasting of multicast packets on a Layer 2 network and conserve network bandwidth, it is recommended that you configure MLD snooping on Layer 2 devices.
  • Receiver: multicast users that receive multicast data. A receiver can be a PC, a set top box, or any device with multicast client installed.

Licensing Requirements

IPv6 PIM is a basic feature of CE8800, CE7800, CE6800, and CE5800 series switches and is not under license control.

Version Requirements

Table 5-2 Products and minimum versions supporting IPv6 PIM-SM

Product

Minimum Version Required

CE5810EI

V100R002C00

CE5850EI

V100R002C00

CE5850HI

V100R003C00

CE6810EI

V100R003C00

CE6850EI

V100R002C00

CE6850-48S6Q-HI

V100R005C00

CE6850-48T6Q-HI/CE6850U-HI/CE6851HI

V100R005C10

CE6855HI

V200R001C00

CE6856HI

V200R002C50

CE6857EI

V200R005C10

CE6860EI

V200R002C50

CE6865EI

V200R005C00

CE6870-24S6CQ-EI/CE6870-48S6CQ-EI

V200R001C00

CE6870-48T6CQ-EI

V200R002C50

CE6875EI

V200R003C00

CE7850EI

V100R003C00

CE7855EI

V200R001C00

CE8850-32CQ-EI

V200R002C50

CE8850-64CQ-EI

V200R005C00

CE8860EI

V100R006C00

CE8861EI/CE8868EI

V200R005C10

Table 5-3 Products and minimum versions supporting IPv6 Bidir-PIM

Product

Minimum Version Required

CE5810EI/CE5850EI/CE5850HI

V100R003C00

CE6810EI/CE6850EI

V100R003C00

CE6850-48S6Q-HI

V100R005C00

CE6850-48T6Q-HI/CE6850U-HI/CE6851HI

V100R005C10

CE6855HI

V200R001C00

CE6856HI

V200R002C50

CE6857EI

V200R005C10

CE6860EI

V200R002C50

CE6865EI

V200R005C00

CE6870-24S6CQ-EI/CE6870-48S6CQ-EI

V200R001C00

CE6870-48T6CQ-EI

V200R002C50

CE6875EI

V200R003C00

CE7850EI

V100R003C00

CE7855EI

V200R001C00

CE8850-32CQ-EI

V200R002C50

CE8850-64CQ-EI

V200R005C00

CE8860EI

V100R006C00

CE8861EI/CE8868EI

V200R005C10

Feature Limitations

  • Before configuring IPv6 PIM, enable IPv6.
  • You can configure a static rendezvous point (RP) and dynamic RP simultaneously on a IPv6 PIM-SM network. The static RP has a lower priority than the dynamic RP and works as a backup RP. When you configure static RP and dynamic RP simultaneously, ensure that all devices have consistent RP information. Otherwise, faults may occur on the network.
  • When configuring IPv6 PIM-SM in the SSM model, configure the same SSM group address range on all the IPv6 PIM devices.
  • The CE6870EI and CE6875EI do not support IPv6 multicast in the SSM model or MLD SSM mapping.

  • On the CE6875EI and CE6870EI, physical interfaces that are switched to Layer 3 mode using the undo portswitch command support Bidir-PIM. On switches of the other models, physical interfaces that are switched to Layer 3 mode using the undo portswitch command do not support Bidir-PIM.
  • A super virtual fabric (SVF) system and an M-LAG do not support IPv6 Bidir-PIM.
  • A multicast network does not allow routes that are destined for the same group address and generated by different IPv6 PIM protocols. Therefore, when you change the IPv6 PIM mode (from IPv6 PIM-SM to IPv6 Bidir-PIM or from IPv6 Bidir-PIM to IPv6 PIM-SM), the system displays a message indicating that some multicast routes will be deleted due to change of the IPv6 PIM mode. Before you continue, determine whether multicast services will be affected if these multicast routes are deleted.
  • When a CE5855EI switch acts as a leaf switch in an SVF system, its interfaces support IPv6 multicast.

  • When you configure IPv6 multicast together with other services, pay attention to the following points:
    Table 5-4 Precautions to be observed when you configure IPv6 multicast together with other services

    Item

    Precautions

    IPv6 Layer 3 multicast is deployed with M-LAG

    In versions earlier than V200R003C00, M-LAG does not support IPv6 Layer 3 multicast.

    In V200R003C00 and later versions, for CE6870EI and CE6875EI, an M-LAG set up with standalone switches or stack systems supports IPv6 Layer 3 multicast, and other models do not support IPv6 Layer 3 multicast. Pay attention to the following points:
    • In addition to the peer-link, there must be a direct Layer 3 link between the M-LAG master and backup devices. STP must be disabled on the interfaces at both ends of the Layer 3 link.
    • The M-LAG master and backup devices must have the same multicast configuration.
    • On the M-LAG master and backup devices, IPv6 PIM-SM and MLD must be enabled on all the VLANIF interfaces that need to run Layer 3 multicast services, and MLD snooping must be enabled in the corresponding VLANs.
    • The PIM silent (IPv6) function must be configured on the user-side interfaces of the M-LAG master and backup devices.
    • If the Layer 3 link is established on a VLANIF interface of the M-LAG master and backup devices, the VLANIF interface must run the IPv6 PIM protocol, and the corresponding VLAN cannot be allowed on the peer-link.
    • If the peer-link is selected as the optimal link to the RP or multicast source by the unicast routing protocol, multicast traffic with the peer-link interface as the outbound interface may fail to be forwarded. To prevent this problem, ensure that the Layer 3 link between the M-LAG master and backup devices has a route cost smaller than or equal to the route cost of the peer-link, so that the Layer 3 link is selected as the optimal route by the unicast routing protocol.

    In V200R003C00 and later versions, if the Receiver is dual-homed to an M-LAG:

    Both the M-LAG master and backup member interfaces forward multicast traffic to the Receiver, implementing load sharing. The M-LAG master and backup devices share load according to the following rule: If the last hexadecimal number of the multicast group address is an odd number, such as the addresses FF1E::1 and FF1E::B, the M-LAG master member interface forwards the multicast traffic. If the last hexadecimal number of the multicast group address is an even number, such as the addresses FF1E::2 and FF1E::A, the M-LAG backup member interface forwards the multicast traffic.

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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100075361

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