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Configuration Guide - IP Multicast

CloudEngine 8800, 7800, 6800, and 5800 V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of IP multicast, including IP multicast basics, IGMP, MLD, PIM (IPv4), PIM (IPv6), MSDP, multicast VPN, multicast route management (IPv4), multicast route management (IPv6), IGMP snooping, MLD snooping, static multicast MAC address, multicast VLAN, multicast network management.
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Licensing Requirements and Limitations for MLD Snooping

Licensing Requirements and Limitations for MLD Snooping

Involved Network Elements

An IPv6 multicast network may have the following network elements:
  • Multicast source: sends multicast data to receiver hosts. For example, a video server is a multicast source.
  • Device running IPv6 Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM): uses the IPv6 PIM protocol to generate multicast routing entries and forwards multicast data based on multicast routing entries. On an IPv6 multicast network, all Layer 3 devices must run IPv6 PIM; otherwise, multicast forwarding paths cannot be established.
  • MLD querier: exchanges MLD messages with receiver hosts to create and maintain group memberships. On an IPv6 multicast network, Layer 3 devices connected to network segments of receivers must run the MLD protocol or be configured with static MLD groups. Otherwise, upstream PIM devices cannot know the multicast groups that users want to join, and therefore cannot establish multicast forwarding paths.
  • Device running MLD snooping: listens on MLD messages exchanged between upstream Layer 3 multicast devices and receiver hosts to create and maintain Layer 2 multicast forwarding entries, which are used for accurate multicast data forwarding on a Layer 2 network. To prevent broadcasting of multicast packets on a Layer 2 network and conserve network bandwidth, it is recommended that you configure MLD snooping on Layer 2 devices.
  • Receiver: multicast users that receive multicast data. A receiver can be a PC, a set top box, or any device with multicast client installed.

Licensing Requirements

MLD snooping is a basic feature of CE8800, CE7800, CE6800, and CE5800 series switches and is not under license control.

Version Requirements

Table 10-6 Products and minimum versions supporting MLD snooping

Product

Minimum Version Required

CE5810EI/CE5850EI/CE5850HI

V200R002C50

CE6810LI/CE6810EI/CE6850EI/CE6850HI/CE6850U-HI/CE6851HI/CE6855HI/CE6856HI/CE6860EI/CE6870-24S6CQ-EI/CE6870-48S6CQ-EI

V200R002C50

CE6857EI

V200R005C10

CE6865EI

V200R005C00

CE6870-48T6CQ-EI

V200R002C50

CE6875EI

V200R003C00

CE7850EI/CE7855EI

V200R002C50

CE8850-32CQ-EI

V200R002C50

CE8850-64CQ-EI

V200R005C00

CE8860EI

V200R002C50

CE8861EI/CE8868EI

V200R005C10

Feature Limitations

  • Because MLD snooping is a Layer 2 multicast feature, all the MLD snooping configurations on interfaces mentioned in this chapter are performed on Layer 2 physical interfaces, including Eth-Trunk interfaces.
  • When configuring MLD SSM mapping on a switch, you are advised to enable MLDv2 on interfaces of the switch to ensure that hosts running any MLD version on the shared network segment can obtain SSM services.
  • The CE6810LI does not support the following functions:
    • Setting the MLD snooping version to V2
    • MLD snooping SSM mapping
  • If Layer 3 multicast functions (such as MLD and IPv6 PIM) are enabled on a VLANIF interface, the corresponding VLAN does not support configuration of the MLD snooping querier, Report message suppression, or MLD snooping proxy. Similarly, if you configure MLD snooping querier, Report message suppression, or MLD snooping proxy in a VLAN, the corresponding VLANIF interface does not support configuration of Layer 3 multicast functions.
  • If a multicast network already has an MLD querier, you are not advised to configure an MLD snooping querier, because the configuration will cause MLD querier re-election. If you configure an MLD snooping querier on a switch, ensure that the source IP address of the General Query messages sent from the switch is larger than the IP address of the upstream MLD querier.
  • The following pairs of functions cannot be configured in the same VLAN:
    • MLD snooping querier and MLD snooping proxy
    • Report message suppression and MLD snooping proxy
  • MLD snooping cannot be used together with VLAN mapping.
  • In the scenario when both IPv6 Layer 2 and Layer 3 multicast are enabled, that is, when Layer 2 multicast is configured in a VLAN and Layer 3 multicast is configured on the corresponding VLANIF interface, the following functions must be configured simultaneously to ensure normal on-demand forwarding of multicast traffic:
    • MLD Snooping must be enabled in a VLAN.
    • IPv6 PIM (PIM-SM or Bidir-PIM) and MLD must be enabled on the corresponding VLANIF interface.
  • When configuring IPv6 multicast and other services, pay attention to the following points:
    • In versions earlier than V200R003C00, M-LAG does not support IPv6 multicast. In V200R003C00 and later versions, for CE6870EI and CE6875EI, an M-LAG set up with standalone switches or stack systems supports IPv6 multicast.
    • When a CE5855EI functions as a leaf switch in an SVF system, its interfaces support IPv6 multicast.

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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100075361

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