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Configuration Guide - IP Multicast

CloudEngine 8800, 7800, 6800, and 5800 V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of IP multicast, including IP multicast basics, IGMP, MLD, PIM (IPv4), PIM (IPv6), MSDP, multicast VPN, multicast route management (IPv4), multicast route management (IPv6), IGMP snooping, MLD snooping, static multicast MAC address, multicast VLAN, multicast network management.
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Configuring IPv6 PIM Silent

Configuring IPv6 PIM Silent

Pre-configuration Tasks

Before configuring IPv6 PIM silent, complete the following tasks:

  • Configure an IPv6 unicast routing protocol to ensure normal unicast routing on the network.
  • Enable IPv6 PIM-SM.

Context

On the access layer, the IPv6 PIM protocol must be enabled on the interfaces directly connected to user hosts, so that the interfaces can establish PIM neighbor relationships to process various IPv6 PIM packets. The configuration, however, brings security risks. When a host maliciously sends many IPv6 PIM Hello messages, the device may break down.

To prevent the preceding case, you can set the state of the device interface to IPv6 PIM silent. When the interface is in IPv6 PIM silent state, the interface is disabled from receiving and forwarding any IPv6 PIM packet. All IPv6 PIM neighbors and IPv6 PIM state machines on the interface are deleted. The interface functions as the static DR and immediately takes effect. The IPv6 PIM silent function does not affect the MLD function on the interface.

IPv6 PIM client takes effect on an interface only when the interface is directly connected to a user network segment and when the network segment is connected only to this PIM device.

  • After you configure IPv6 PIM silent on an interface, the interface no longer receives or sends any IPv6 PIM packets and other IPv6 PIM functions on the interface become invalid. Confirm your action before configuring this function.

  • If a user network segment is connected to multiple devices and IPv6 PIM silent is enabled on interfaces of multiple devices, the interfaces become static DRs. This results in multicast faults.

Procedure

  1. Run system-view

    The system view is displayed.

  2. Run interface interface-type interface-number

    The interface view is displayed.

  3. On an Ethernet interface, run undo portswitch

    The interface is switched to Layer 3 mode.

    By default, an Ethernet interface works in Layer 2 mode.

    The mode switching function takes effect when the interface only has attribute configurations (for example, shutdown and description configurations). Alternatively, if configuration information supported by both Layer 2 and Layer 3 interfaces exists (for example, mode lacp and lacp system-id configurations), no configuration that is not supported after the working mode of the interface is switched can exist. If unsupported configurations exist on the interface, delete the configurations first and then run the undo portswitch command.

    NOTE:

    If many Ethernet interfaces need to be switched to Layer 3 mode, run the undo portswitch batch interface-type { interface-number1 [ to interface-number2 ] } &<1-10> command in the system view to switch these interfaces to Layer 3 mode in batches.

  4. Run pim ipv6 silent

    The IPv6 PIM silent function is enabled.

  5. Run commit

    The configuration is committed.

Verifying the Configuration

After IPv6 PIM silent is configured, you can check information about the PIM interface.

  • Run the display pim ipv6 interface [ interface-type interface-number | up | down ] [ verbose ] command to check IPv6 PIM information on an interface.
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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100075361

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