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Configuration Guide - IP Multicast

CloudEngine 8800, 7800, 6800, and 5800 V200R005C10

This document describes the configurations of IP multicast, including IP multicast basics, IGMP, MLD, PIM (IPv4), PIM (IPv6), MSDP, multicast VPN, multicast route management (IPv4), multicast route management (IPv6), IGMP snooping, MLD snooping, static multicast MAC address, multicast VLAN, multicast network management.
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Adjusting Assert Control Parameters in IPv4 PIM-SM

Adjusting Assert Control Parameters in IPv4 PIM-SM

Pre-configuration Tasks

Before configuring assert control parameters, complete the following tasks:

  • Configure a unicast routing protocol to ensure normal unicast routing on the network.
  • Enable PIM-SM.

Context

When multiple PIM devices on a network segment pass the Reverse Path Forwarding (RPF) check and forward multicast data to this network segment, assert election is required. When a device receives multicast data through a downstream interface, it knows that other upstream devices exist on this network segment. The device then sends an Assert message to participate in the election of the unique upstream device.

PIM devices that fail the assert election disable their downstream interfaces from forwarding multicast data to this network segment. The assert loser state lasts for a period, which is called the holdtime of Assert messages. After the assert state timer times out, the devices that lost the Assert election restore pruned interfaces to the forwarding state to trigger a new round of Assert election.

NOTE:

The holdtime of Assert messages can be configured globally or on an interface. If you configure the holdtime of Assert messages in the global PIM view and in the interface view simultaneously, the configuration in the interface view takes effect.

Default Settings

The default holdtime of Assert messages is 180s.

Procedure

  • Global configuration
    1. Run system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    2. Run pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ]

      The PIM view is displayed.

    3. Run holdtime assert interval

      The holdtime of Assert messages is configured.

      By default, the holdtime of Assert messages is 180 seconds.

    4. Run commit

      The configuration is committed.

  • Configuration on an interface
    1. Run system-view

      The system view is displayed.

    2. Run interface interface-type interface-number

      The interface view is displayed.

    3. On an Ethernet interface, run undo portswitch

      The interface is switched to Layer 3 mode.

      By default, an Ethernet interface works in Layer 2 mode.

      The mode switching function takes effect when the interface only has attribute configurations (for example, shutdown and description configurations). Alternatively, if configuration information supported by both Layer 2 and Layer 3 interfaces exists (for example, mode lacp and lacp system-id configurations), no configuration that is not supported after the working mode of the interface is switched can exist. If unsupported configurations exist on the interface, delete the configurations first and then run the undo portswitch command.

      NOTE:

      If many Ethernet interfaces need to be switched to Layer 3 mode, run the undo portswitch batch interface-type { interface-number1 [ to interface-number2 ] } &<1-10> command in the system view to switch these interfaces to Layer 3 mode in batches.

    4. For a Layer 3 sub-interface, run the following commands to configure termination of single-tagged packets on it.

      1. Run quit

        Return to the system view.

      2. Run interface interface-type interface-number.subinterface-number

        The Layer 3 sub-interface view is displayed.

        The subinterface-number parameter must specify a Layer 3 sub-interface number on an Ethernet interface that has been switched to the Layer 3 mode.

      3. Run dot1q termination vid vid

        Termination of Dot1q packets is configured on the Layer 3 sub-interface.

        By default, the termination of Dot1q packets is not configured on a Layer 3 sub-interface.

    5. Run pim holdtime assert interval

      The period for holding the Assert state is configured.

    6. Run commit

      The configuration is committed.

Verifying the Configuration

After assert control parameters are configured, you can check information about the PIM interface, PIM neighbor, and PIM routing table using the following commands:

  • Run the display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name | all-instance ] interface [ interface-type interface-number | up | down ] [ verbose ] command to check PIM information on an interface.

  • Run the display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name | all-instance ] neighbor [ neighbor-address | interface interface-type interface-number | verbose ] * command to check information about PIM neighbors.

  • Run the following commands to check the PIM routing table.
    • display pim routing-table [ group-address [ mask { group-mask-length | group-mask } ] | source-address [ mask { source-mask-length | source-mask } ] | incoming-interface { interface-type interface-number | register } | outgoing-interface { include | exclude | match } { interface-type interface-number | register | none } | mode { sm | ssm } | flags flag-value | fsm ] * [ outgoing-interface-number [ number ] ]

    • display pim { vpn-instance vpn-instance-name | all-instance } routing-table [ group-address [ mask { group-mask-length | group-mask } ] | source-address [ mask { source-mask-length | source-mask } ] | incoming-interface { interface-type interface-number | register } | outgoing-interface { include | exclude | match } { interface-type interface-number | register | none } | mode { ssm | sm } | flags flag-value | fsm ] * [ outgoing-interface-number [ number ] ]

    • display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name | all-instance ] routing-table brief [ group-address [ mask { group-mask-length | group-mask } ] | source-address [ mask { source-mask-length | source-mask } ] | incoming-interface { interface-type interface-number | register } ] *

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Updated: 2019-04-20

Document ID: EDOC1100075361

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