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AP Mode Switching - Overview, Examples, and Troubleshooting

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
AP Mode Switching - Overview, Examples, and Troubleshooting

AP Mode Switching - Overview, Examples, and Troubleshooting

Introduction

This document describes AP modes and APs supporting mode switching, and provides detailed mode switching examples and troubleshooting measures.

Understanding Modes Supported by APs

APs can work in Fit, Fat, or cloud mode.

Table 1-1 AP mode description

AP Mode

Description

Application Scenario

Fit

Typically deployed in Agile Campus Network Solution, Fit APs are managed by an AC and receive configurations from the AC. STA access is also controlled by the AC.

Medium- and large-sized campus WLAN

Fat

Fat APs are independently deployed and configured, and act as enterprise-class wireless routers or bridges.

SOHO or small WLAN

Cloud

Deployed in CloudCampus Solution, cloud APs are managed by the cloud management platform. STA access is also controlled by the cloud management platform.

Small- to medium-sized WLAN, allowing for flexible deployment and low O&M costs

Understanding APs Support Mode Switching

Most Huawei APs can switch between different modes. The only difference may lie in versions, for example, APs in V200R007C20 do not support the cloud mode, while those in V200R007C10 and V200R008 support.

To find out modes supported by a specified AP model or versions supported by a specified AP mode, refer to Quick Reference for WLAN AP Modes.

After downloading the table, filter out the specified AP model in AP Model. The following uses the AP4050DN as an example.

It is found that the AP4050DN can work in Fit or Fat mode from V200R007C20, and has also supported the cloud mode since V200R008C00.

Understanding the Default Mode of an AP

By default, an AP works in Fit mode.

Next-generation APs, such as 802.11ac Wave 2 APs, also have the Fat and cloud modes integrated. To switch the working mode of an AP, you can log in to the AP and run a mode-switching command, without the need to configure the FTP server and download the software package.

How to Check the Current Working Mode of an AP

There are three modes for checking the current working mode of an AP:

Log in to the AP and check its working mode using the CLI. Connect a PC to the AP using an Ethernet cable. Enter identity information and log in to the AP. The working mode of the AP is automatically displayed.

Log in to the AP and check its working mode on the web platform. Connect a PC to the AP using an Ethernet cable. Enter the IP address of the AP in the browser. The working mode of the AP is automatically displayed on the login page.

Determine the working mode by searching for Wi-Fi signals using a mobile phone. Enable Wi-Fi on a mobile phone and search for signals around the AP. Determine the working mode of the AP based on the signal name. This mode eliminates the need of an Ethernet cable but is not applicable to any scenario. APs only in the specified state and version can transmit Wi-Fi signals. This method allows you to determine the working mode of the AP whose state and version you are not sure of. If the working mode of the AP cannot be determined, connect a PC to the AP using an Ethernet cable.

  • CLI

    Connect a PC to the AP. Configure the IP address of the PC to locate on the same network segment as the AP. For the connection mode, see AP Mode Switching Examples.

    On the PC, log in to the AP using an SSH client. The working mode of the AP is displayed upon successful login.

Info: Current mode: Fit (managed by the AC).
  • Web platform

    Connect a PC to the AP. Configure the IP address of the PC to locate on the same network segment as the AP. Enter http://IP address of the AP (default IP address of an AP: 169.254.1.1) in the browser of the PC. On the page that is displayed, the working mode of the AP can be found. For the connection mode, see AP Mode Switching Examples.

    • Fit mode: Fit is displayed.

    • Fat mode: Access Point is displayed on the login page.

    • Cloud mode: Cloud Access Point is displayed on the login page.

  • Wi-Fi signal search

    The Wi-Fi signal name indicates whether an AP is in Fat mode. For the Fit and cloud modes, the Wi-Fi signal name is the same. You can connect a mobile phone to the Wi-Fi network. If the mobile phone is directly connected to the Wi-Fi network, the AP is working in cloud mode. Otherwise, the AP is working in Fit mode. If no Wi-Fi signal of the specified name is found, connect a PC to the AP and log in to the AP. An AP can transmit Wi-Fi signals in the following conditions:

    Fit mode: From V200R009, an AP in factory defaults or offline state transmits the Wi-Fi signal with the name of hw-manage-xxxx. xxxx is the last four digits of the AP's MAC address. Note that mobile phones cannot directly access this Wi-Fi network. You must configure a static IP address on the same network segment as the default IP address of the AP (169.254.2.1) for the mobile phone, for example, 169.254.2.100.

    NOTE:

    From V200R007C10, the offline management VAP is enabled by default after a Fit AP is powered on, allowing for wireless connections. After the AP goes online on the AC, the offline management VAP is disabled and will not be enabled when the AP goes offline. From V200R009, the offline management VAP is enabled automatically when a Fit AP goes offline from the AC.

    Fat mode: From V200R007C20, an AP in factory defaults transmits the Wi-Fi signal with the name of HUAWEI-XXXX, which allows for direct access of mobile phones. XXXX is the last four digits of the AP's MAC address. Enter http://192.168.1.1 in the browser. The login page of the web platform is displayed. For the sake of security, it is recommended that you delete the default signal during AP configuration.

    Cloud mode: An AP in factory defaults or offline state transmits the Wi-Fi signal with the name of hw-manage-xxxx, which allows for direct access of mobile phones. xxxx is the last four digits of the AP's MAC address.

How to Switch the Working Mode of an AP

  • Switching between the Fat and cloud modes

    You can directly switch an AP between the Fat and cloud modes in any circumstance.

  • Switching between the Fit and Fat modes or the Fit and cloud modes

    Next-generation APs, such as 802.11ac Wave 2 APs, support direct mode switching in factory defaults. If an AP has been upgraded, switched the mode, or been online on an AC, configure the FTP server and download the software package to switch the working mode of the AP.

    To switch the working mode of earlier APs, such as 802.11n and some 802.11ac APs, you must configure the FTP server and download the software package to switch the working mode of the APs.

Next-generation APs allow for co-existence of Fit software package and "Fat + cloud" software package. This makes direct switching of three modes possible.

Earlier APs allow for only one type of software package, and therefore do not support direct switching. Earlier APs here include AP5030DN, AP5130DN, AP5030DN-S, AP3030DN, AP3010DN-V2, AP4030DN, AP4130DN, AP4030DN-E, AP9131DN, and AP9132DN, as well as AP8130DN, AP8030DN, AD9430DN-12, and AD9430DN-24 in V200R006 or earlier.

Table 1-2 Recommended method for switching the working mode of an AP

From...

To...

Switching Description

Fit

Fat

When an AP is online, switch its mode on the AP upgrade page on the web platform of the AC. (Example for referance)

When an AP is offline, log in to the AP and switch its working mode using the CLI. (Example for referance)

Cloud

When an AP is online, switch its mode on the AP upgrade page on the web platform of the AC.

When an AP is offline, log in to the AP and switch its working mode using the CLI. If the AP is in factory defaults, its working mode can be automatically switched after you configure the cloud management platform and DHCP server. Alternatively, use the CloudCampus APP to connect to the AP for manual switching.

Fat

Fit

On the System Upgrade page of the web platform, specify the backup startup system software, upload the Fit software package as the backup, and specify the Fit AP mode on the Device Restart page.

Cloud

Specify the cloud mode on the Device Restart page of the web platform.

Cloud

Fit

Log in to the AP and switch its working mode using the CLI.

Fat

Log in to the AP and switch its working mode using the CLI.

AP Mode Switching Examples

Example for Switching a Fit AP with Factory Defaults to the Fat Mode by One Command

Applicable Scope

This example is applicable to APs with factory defaults. APs work in Fit mode by default.

NOTE:

With factory defaults, the local configuration of an AP is not modified, and the AP has not obtained the new configuration from an AC.

Applicable version: V200R007, V200R008, V200R009 and V200R010

Applicable model: AP5050DN-S, AP2051DN, AP2051DN-S, AP2051DN-E, AP1050DN-S, AD9431DN-24X, AP2050DN, AP2050DN-S, AP2050DN-E, AP4050DN-HD, AP4050DN-E, AP7050DN-E, AP7050DE, AD9430DN-12, AD9430DN-24, AP6150DN, AP6050DN, AP8130DN, AP8030DN, AP4050DN, AP4051DN, AP4151DN, AP4050DN-S, AP8050DN, AP8150DN, AP8050DN-S, AP4051TN, AP6052DN, AP7052DN, AP7152DN, AP7052DE, AP8050TN-HD, AP8082DN, AP8182DN, AP4050DE-M, AP4050DE-M-S, AP4050DE-B-S, AP3050DE, AP7060, AP2051DN-L-S, AP9131DN and AP9132DN

Networking Scenario

To use a new AP independently provide Wi-Fi coverage, you need to switch the AP to the Fat mode and deploy services through the web platform or other way.

Connect the AP to a PC through an Ethernet cable in a proper mode, as shown in Figure 1-1.

When the AP supports DC power supply and works with a power adapter, connect the AP to the AC directly through an Ethernet cable. If the AP does not support DC power supply or no adapter is available, supply PoE power to the AP. In this case, connect the AP to the PC through a PoE device.

Figure 1-1 AP-PC connection diagram

Quick Configuration

This section helps you quickly configure an AP, without the need to read the entire document. If you are not familiar with the product or operation, read the detailed guidance in the following sections.

Procedure

Task

1

Prepare the environment: Configure the IP address of the PC and STelnet, check network connectivity between the AP and PC, and observe indicator states.

2

Check AP information: On the PC, log in to the AP through STelnet to check the version and working mode of the AP.

3

Start the switching: Run the ap-mode-switch fat command in the system view to switch the working mode of the AP. The AP then restarts.

4

Verify the switching: Log in to the AP again and check the working mode of the AP.

Configuration Procedure

  1. Prepare the environment.

    The following is used as an example. Prepare your environment based on site requirements.

    Device

    Description

    PC

    Operating system: Windows 7

    STelnet client: PuTTY (third-party software)

    AP

    Model: AP4050DN

    Version: V200R007C20

    Default information:

    • IP address: 169.254.1.1
    • User name: admin
    • Password: admin@huawei.com
    • STelnet login port number: 22

    # Power on the AP. The indicator is green for around 2 minutes during the startup. When the indicator blinks, the AP is started successfully.

    # Set the IP address of the PC to 169.254.1.100 and mask to 255.255.0.0 so that the PC and AP are located on the same network segment.

  2. Check AP information.

    # Open PuTTY on the PC, enter the IP address and port number of the AP, select the SSH mode, and click Open. If a key pair information prompt is displayed, click Yes.

    # When the following information is displayed, the AP is connected successfully. Enter the user name and password to log in to the AP.

    login as: admin
    Further authentication required
    admin@169.254.1.1's password:admin@huawei.com  //For information security, characters you entered are invisible.
    
    Info: Current mode: Fit (managed by the AC).  //The current mode is Fit.
    Info: You are advised to change the password to ensure security.
    <Huawei>

    # Check AP information.

    <Huawei> display  version
    Huawei Versatile Routing Platform Software
    VRP (R) software, Version 5.170 (AP4050DN FIT V200R007C20SPCa00)  //Model, working mode, and version
    ...

  3. Start the switching.

    # Switch the AP mode to Fat. The AP will restart and the restart takes around 2 minutes.

    <Huawei> system-view
    [Huawei] ap-mode-switch fat
    Warning: The system will reboot and start in fat mode of V200R007C20SPCa00. Continue? (y/n)[n]:y
    Info: system is rebooting ,please wait.................

  4. Verify the switching.

    # Log in to the AP to view AP information. The AP is working in Fat mode.

    login as: admin
    Further authentication required
    admin@169.254.1.1's password:admin@huawei.com
    
    Info: Current mode: Fat (working independently).
    Warning: The default country code is CN. Ensure that AP radio attributes comply 
    with laws and regulations in different countries. Do you want to change the 
    country code? [Y/N]:n
    Info: You are advised to change the password to ensure security.
    <Huawei> system-view
    [Huawei] display  version
    Huawei Versatile Routing Platform Software
    VRP (R) software, Version 5.170 (AP4050DN FAT V200R007C20SPCa00)
    ...

FAQ

An error message is displayed when you run a mode switching command.

[Huawei] ap-mode-switch fat
Error: The fat mode does not exist. To switch to the fat AP mode, run the ap-mode-switch fat tftp/ftp/sftp command. 

The AP is not in factory defaults and therefore cannot be switched to the Fat mode by one click. In this case, switch the working mode of the AP using SFTP. For details, see the related sources.

Example for Switching a Fit AP to the Fat Mode Using SFTP

Applicable Scope

Applicable version: V200R007, V200R008, V200R009 and V200R010

Applicable models: AP5050DN-S, AP2051DN, AP2051DN-S, AP2051DN-E, AP1050DN-S, AD9431DN-24X, AP2050DN, AP2050DN-S, AP2050DN-E, AP4050DN-HD, AP4050DN-E, AP7050DN-E, AP7050DE, AD9430DN-12, AD9430DN-24, AP6150DN, AP6050DN, AP8130DN, AP8030DN, AP4050DN, AP4051DN, AP4151DN, AP4050DN-S, AP8050DN, AP8150DN, AP8050DN-S, AP4051TN, AP6052DN, AP7052DN, AP7152DN, AP7052DE, AP8050TN-HD, AP8082DN, AP8182DN, AP4050DE-M, AP4050DE-M-S, AP4050DE-B-S, AP3050DE, AP7060 and AP2051DN-L-S

For APs in factory defaults, it is recommended that you switch the working mode of an AP by referring to Example for Switching a Fit AP with Factory Defaults to the Fat Mode by One Command.

This example is also applicable to switching a Fit AP to the Fat mode using FTP or TFTP. Note the following differences:

  • Configure the FTP or TFTP client software on the PC, which is not mentioned here.
  • Different parameters are used in the command for switching the AP mode and are described in the procedure.

Networking Scenario

To use a new AP independently provide Wi-Fi coverage, you need to switch the AP to the Fat mode and deploy services through the web platform or other way.

Connect the AP to a PC through an Ethernet cable in a proper mode, as shown in Figure 1-2.

When the AP supports DC power supply and works with a power adapter, connect the AP to the AC directly through an Ethernet cable. If the AP does not support DC power supply or no adapter is available, supply PoE power to the AP. In this case, connect the AP to the PC through a PoE device.

When the PC serves as an SFTP server, prepare the Fat AP software package for the AP to obtain through SFTP.

Figure 1-2 AP-PC connection diagram

Quick Configuration

This section helps you quickly configure an AP, without the need to read the entire document. If you are not familiar with the product or operation, read the detailed guidance in the following sections.

Procedure

Task

1

Prepare the environment: Configure the IP address, STelnet client, and SFTP server software on the PC. Download the Fat AP software package of the target version to the SFTP server. Check network connectivity and the indicator states of the AP.

2

Check AP information: On the PC, log in to the AP through STelnet to check the version and working mode of the AP.

3

Start the switching: Run the ap-mode-switch fat sftp filename server-ip-address user-name password [ port ] command in the system view. The AP restarts.

If FTP or TFTP is used, run the following command:

  • FTP mode: ap-mode-switch fat ftp filename server-ip-address user-name password [ port ]
  • TFTP mode: ap-mode-switch fat tftp filename server-ip-address

4

Verify the switching: Log in to the AP again and check the working mode of the AP.

Configuration Procedure

  1. Prepare the environment.

    The following is used as an example. Prepare your environment based on site requirements.

    Device

    Description

    PC

    Operating system: Windows 7

    STelnet client: PuTTY (third-party software)

    SFTP server: FreeSSHd (third-party software)

    AP

    Model: AP4050DN

    Version: V200R007C20

    Default information:

    • IP address: 169.254.1.1
    • User name: admin
    • Password: admin@huawei.com
    • STelnet login port number: 22

    # Power on the AP. The indicator is on for around 2 minutes during the startup. When the indicator blinks, the AP is started successfully.

    # Log in to Huawei enterprise technical support website (support.huawei.com/e), download the Fat AP software package, and store the package on the PC.

    # Set the IP address of the PC to 169.254.1.100 and mask to 255.255.0.0 so that the PC and AP are located on the same network segment.

    # Open FreeSSHd on the PC, and set SFTP server parameters:

    • Set the IP address and port number for the client to access the server. Retain the default settings here.

    • Set the authentication mode so that the password is required for the client to access the server.

    • Select a local directory to provide file services for the client. Store the downloaded software package in this directory.

    • Add a user to verify identity information entered by the client to ensure access security.

    • Enable the SFTP service.

  2. Check AP information.

    # Open PuTTY on the PC, enter the IP address and port number of the AP, select the SSH mode, and click Open. If a key pair information prompt is displayed, click Yes.

    # When the following information is displayed, the AP is connected successfully. Enter the user name and password to log in to the AP.

    login as: admin
    Further authentication required
    admin@169.254.1.1's password:admin@huawei.com  //For information security, characters you entered are invisible.
    
    Info: Current mode: Fit (managed by the AC).  //The current mode is Fit.
    Info: You are advised to change the password to ensure security.
    <Huawei>

    # Check AP information.

    <Huawei> display  version
    Huawei Versatile Routing Platform Software
    VRP (R) software, Version 5.170 (AP4050DN FIT V200R007C20SPCa00)  //Model, working mode, and version
    ...

  3. Start the switching.

    # Enable the first-time authentication function on the AP working as an SSH client.

    <Huawei> system-view
    [Huawei] ssh client first-time enable

    # Switch the AP mode to Fat. Set the file name (including the extension) of the target software package, IP address, user name, and password of the SFTP server. The AP will restart and the restart takes around 2 minutes.

    [Huawei] ap-mode-switch fat sftp Fat&CloudAP4050DN_V200R007C20SPCa00.bin 169.254.1.100 huawei huawei123
    Warning: The system will reboot and start in fat mode of V200R007C20SPCa00. Continue? (y/n)[n]:y
    Warning: Do Not Power-off!
    ..........................................................................................................
    End of file......
    
    Info: system is rebooting ,please wait...
    NOTE:

    If FTP or TFTP is used, specify the following parameters in the switching command (as an example):

    • FTP mode: ap-mode-switch fat ftp Fat&CloudAP4050DN_V200R007C20SPCa00.bin 169.254.1.100 huawei huawei123
    • TFTP mode: ap-mode-switch fat tftp Fat&CloudAP4050DN_V200R007C20SPCa00.bin 169.254.1.100

  4. Verify the switching.

    # Log in to the AP to view AP information. The AP is working in Fat mode.

    login as: admin
    Further authentication required
    admin@169.254.1.1's password:admin@huawei.com
    
    Info: Current mode: Fat (working independently).
    Warning: The default country code is CN. Ensure that AP radio attributes comply 
    with laws and regulations in different countries. Do you want to change the 
    country code? [Y/N]:n
    Info: You are advised to change the password to ensure security.
    <Huawei> system-view
    [Huawei] display version
    Huawei Versatile Routing Platform Software
    VRP (R) software, Version 5.170 (AP4050DN FAT V200R007C20SPCa00)
    ...

FAQ

An error message is displayed when you run a mode switching command.

[Huawei] ap-mode-switch fat sftp Fat&CloudAP4050DN_V200R007C20SPCa00.bin 169.254.1.100 huawei huawei@123
Warning: The system will reboot and start in fat mode of V200R007C20SPCa00. Continue? (y/n)[n]:y
Warning: Do Not Power-off!
.
Error: Upgrade failed due to a failure in downloading the version file.

The public key for the SSH server is not configured on the AP. When the AP accesses the SSH server for the first time, authentication fails.

Run the ssh client first-time enable command in the system view to allow the AP to access the server. The public key will be saved and used for authentication on the server.

[Huawei] ssh client first-time enable

Example for Switching a Fit AP to the Fat Mode Using FTP

Applicable Scope

Applicable version: V200R007, V200R008, V200R009 and V200R010

Applicable models: AP5030DN, AP5130DN, AP5030DN-S, AP3030DN, AP3010DN-V2, AP4030DN, AP4130DN, AP4030DN-E

This example is also applicable to switching a Fit AP to the Fat mode using TFTP. Note the following differences:

  • Configure the TFTP client software on the PC, which is not mentioned here.
  • Different parameters are used in the command for switching the AP mode and are described in the procedure.

Networking Scenario

To use a new AP independently provide Wi-Fi coverage, you need to switch the AP to the Fat mode and deploy services through the web platform or other way.

Connect the AP to a PC through an Ethernet cable in a proper mode, as shown in Figure 1-3.

When the AP supports DC power supply and works with a power adapter, connect the AP to the AC directly through an Ethernet cable. If the AP does not support DC power supply or no adapter is available, supply PoE power to the AP. In this case, connect the AP to the PC through a PoE device.

When the PC serves as an FTP server, prepare the Fat AP software package for the AP to obtain through FTP.

Figure 1-3 AP-PC connection diagram

Quick Configuration

This section helps you quickly configure an AP, without the need to read the entire document. If you are not familiar with the product or operation, read the detailed guidance in the following sections.

Procedure

Task

1

Prepare the environment: Configure the IP address, STelnet client, and FTP server software on the PC. Download the Fat AP software package of the target version to the FTP server. Check network connectivity and the indicator states of the AP.

2

Check AP information: On the PC, log in to the AP through STelnet to check the version and working mode of the AP.

3

Start the switching: Execute commands sequentially in system view.

ap-mode-switch prepare //The AP may need to be restarted depending on the AP status.

ap-mode-switch check

ap-mode-switch ftp filename server-ip-address user-name password [ port ] //The AP will restart.

If TFTP is used, run ap-mode-switch tftp filename server-ip-address

4

Verify the switching: Log in to the AP again and check the working mode of the AP.

Configuration Procedure

  1. Prepare the environment.

    The following is used as an example. Prepare your environment based on site requirements.

    Device

    Description

    PC

    Operating system: Windows 7

    STelnet client: PuTTY (third-party software)

    FTP server: WFTPD (third-party software)

    IP address: 169.254.1.100

    AP

    Model: AP5030DN

    Version: V200R007C20

    Default information:

    • IP address: 169.254.1.1
    • User name: admin
    • Password: admin@huawei.com
    • STelnet login port number: 22

    # Power on the AP. The indicator is on for around 2 minutes during the startup. When the indicator blinks, the AP is started successfully.

    # Set the IP address of the PC to 169.254.1.100 and mask to 255.255.0.0 so that the PC and AP are located on the same network segment.

    # Set FTP server parameters
    • Open WFTPD on the PC, set the Users and rights.

    • Add a user to verify identity information entered by the client to ensure access security.

    • Set the User's password.

    • Select a local directory to provide file services for the client.

    # Log in to Huawei enterprise technical support website (support.huawei.com/e), download the Fat AP software package, and store the package on the FTP directory.

  2. Check AP information.

    # Open PuTTY on the PC, enter the IP address and port number of the AP, select the SSH mode, and click Open. If a key pair information prompt is displayed, click Yes.

    # When the following information is displayed, the AP is connected successfully. Enter the user name and password to log in to the AP.

    login as: admin
    Further authentication required
    admin@169.254.1.1's password:admin@huawei.com  //For information security, characters you entered are invisible.
    
    Info: Current mode: Fit (managed by the AC).  //The current mode is Fit.
    Info: You are advised to change the password to ensure security.
    <Huawei>

    # Check AP information.

    <Huawei> display  version
    Huawei Versatile Routing Platform Software
    VRP (R) software, Version 5.170 (AP5030DN FIT V200R007C20SPCa00)  //Model, working mode, and version
    ...

  3. Start the switching.

    # Prepare the switching.

    [Huawei] ap-mode-switch prepare
    Info: Prepare is ok, Use ap-mode-switch command to switch to fat ap. 

    # Verify before the switching.

    [Huawei] ap-mode-switch check
    Info: Ap-mode-switch check ok.

    # Switch the AP mode to Fat. Set the file name (including the extension) of the target software package, IP address, user name, and password of the FTP server. The AP will restart and the restart takes around 2 minutes.

    [Huawei] ap-mode-switch ftp FatAP5X30XN_V200R007C20SPCa00.bin 169.254.1.100 huawei huawei123
    Warning: Do Not Power-off.........
    Info: Upgrade upgrade-assistant-package successfully!
    Warning: System will reboot, if you want to switch to upgrade-assistant-package.
     Are you sure to execute these operations ? [Y/N]: y
    NOTE:

    If TFTP is used, specify the following parameters in the switching command (as an example).

    ap-mode-switch tftp FatAP5X30XN_V200R007C20SPCa00.bin 169.254.1.100

  4. Verify the switching.

    # Log in to the AP to view AP information. The AP is working in Fat mode.

    login as: admin
    Further authentication required
    admin@169.254.1.1's password:admin@huawei.com
    
    Info: Current mode: Fat (working independently).
    Warning: The default country code is CN. Ensure that AP radio attributes comply 
    with laws and regulations in different countries. Do you want to change the 
    country code? [Y/N]:n
    Info: You are advised to change the password to ensure security.
    <Huawei> system-view
    [Huawei] display version
    Huawei Versatile Routing Platform Software
    VRP (R) software, Version 5.170 (AP5030DN FAT V200R007C20SPCa00)
    ...

Example for Switching an Online Fit AP to the Fat Mode Through the AC

Applicable Scope

All APs that properly go online on an AC

Applicable version: V200R007, V200R008, V200R009 and V200R010

Applicable models: APs supporting both the Fit and Fat modes

In centralized management mode, you can manage the upgrade and mode switching for a single AP or APs of the same model or in the same group on the AC. This example describes how to switch the working mode of a single AP.

Networking Scenario

Log in to the AC through the web platform, without the need to adjust the networking or cable connection.

Quick Configuration

This section helps you quickly configure an AP, without the need to read the entire document. If you are not familiar with the product or operation, read the detailed guidance in the following sections.

Procedure

Task

1

Prepare the environment: Download the Fat AP software package of the target version to the PC where you log in to the AC.

2

Check AP information: Log in to the web platform of the AC, choose Monitoring > AP, and view information about the AP, including the IP address, model, and version.

3

Load the software package to the AP: Choose Maintenance > AP Maintenance > AP Upgrade, select the upgrade mode, and upload the software package, and upgrade the AP. You can check the upgrade progress on the Upgrade Status page. The upgrade state is displayed success after around 2 minutes (requiring mode switching).

NOTE:

To switch the working mode for APs in a batch, select an AP model or group on this page to determine the upgrade scope and select the immediate or scheduled upgrade mode.

4

Start the switching: Choose Configuration > AP Config > AP Config, and modify AP mode as fat. The AP restarts. The restart takes around 2 minutes.

5

Verify the switching: Log in to the AC using the CLI console on the web platform, STelnet to the AP and check the working mode of the AP.

Configuration Procedure

  1. Prepare the environment.

    The following is used as an example. Prepare your environment based on site requirements.

    Device

    Description

    PC

    Operating system: Windows 7

    Browser:Google Chrome

    IP address: 169.254.1.100

    AC

    Model: AC6605

    Version: V200R007C20

    Management IP address: 169.254.1.1

    Administrator account: Telnet and web platform

    • User name: admin
    • Password: huawei@123

    AP

    Model: AP4050DN

    Version: V200R007C20

    Information for the radio used by the AP to go online:

    • IP address: 192.168.10.227
    • User name: admin (default)
    • Password: admin@huawei.com (default)
    • STelnet login port number: 22 (default)

    # Log in to Huawei enterprise technical support website (support.huawei.com/e), download the Fat AP software package, and store the package on the PC.

  2. Check AP information.

    # Enter the IP address of the AC in the browser of the AC. Enter the user name and password to log in to the web platform. If a security connection prompt is displayed, continue with the operation.

    # Choose Monitoring > AP. Search for the target AP in AP List, check AP information, and record the IP address of the AP. Continue with the following operations only when the AP status is normal or ver-mismatch.

  3. Load the software package to the AP.

    # Choose Maintenance > AP Maintenance > AP Upgrade, select the software package stored on the PC, and upload the upgrade file to the AC.

    # Under AP Upgrade, select the target AP.

    # Select the target software package and click Upgrade.

    # Click the Upgrade Status tab to upgrade the AP upgrade progress. The upgrade takes around 2 minutes.

  4. Start the switching.

    # Go to AP Config page.

    # Select AP, click Modify, select AP mode as fat, and click OK. The AP will restart and the restart takes around 2 minutes.

  5. Verify the switching.

    # Click the CLI button, download and run the script as prompted, and enable Telnet through the URL.

    # In the Telnet window, enter the user name and password to log in to the AC, STelnet to the AP to view AP information. The AP is working in Fat mode.

    Warning: Telnet is not a secure protocol, and it is recommended to use Stelnet.
    Login authentication
    
    Username:admin
    Password:huawei@123  //For information security, characters you entered are invisible.
    <AC6605> system-view
    Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
    [AC6605] stelnet 192.168.10.227  //Log in to the target AP from the AC.
    Please input the username:admin
    Trying 192.168.10.227 ...
    Press CTRL+K to abort
    Connected to 192.168.10.227 ...
    Enter password:admin@huawei.com  //For information security, characters you entered are invisible.
    Info: Current mode: Fat (working independently).
    Warning: The default country code is CN. Ensure that AP radio attributes comply 
    with laws and regulations in different countries. Do you want to change the 
    country code? [Y/N]:n
    Info: You are advised to change the password to ensure security.
    <ap1> system-view
    [ap1] display version
    Huawei Versatile Routing Platform Software
    VRP (R) software, Version 5.170 (AP4050DN FAT V200R007C20SPCa00)
    ...

Troubleshooting

For details about how to troubleshoot failures to switch between the Fat and Fit AP modes, see Fit AP and Fat AP Mode Switching Failure.

Related Information

How Can I Configure Services After Switching the AP Mode

  • APs in Fit mode can go online without configurations, and the AC will manage the APs and deliver configurations to them. Ensure network connectivity between the AC and APs. You are advised to deploy services using the web platform of the AC. For details, see Configuration Guide Video and Product Documentation.
  • After an AP is switched to the Fat mode, you are advised to deploy services using the web platform of the AP. For details, see Configuration Guide Video and Product Documentation.
  • APs in cloud mode can go online without configurations, and the cloud management platform will manage the APs and deliver configurations to them. Ensure network connectivity between the cloud management platform and APs. Then deploy services on the cloud management platform. For details, see CloudCampus Solution.
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Updated: 2019-05-06

Document ID: EDOC1100081212

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