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FusionStorage 8.0.0 Software Installation Guide 02

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Huawei uses machine translation combined with human proofreading to translate this document to different languages in order to help you better understand the content of this document. Note: Even the most advanced machine translation cannot match the quality of professional translators. Huawei shall not bear any responsibility for translation accuracy and it is recommended that you refer to the English document (a link for which has been provided).
Preparing Management VMs

Preparing Management VMs

Scenarios

  • Perform this operation only when a management node needs to be deployed in a virtual environment.
  • If management nodes and storage nodes are deployed together or management nodes are deployed on external physical servers, skip this section.
  • This section describes how to create a VM, install an operating system, configure a temporary IP address, and set the startup mode on a user's application server or an independent physical server so that the user can install management software and management network on DeviceManager Client for the management node in section Installing FusionStorage.

Prerequisites

You have installed VMware vSphere ESXi.

You have installed vCenter.

Procedure

  1. Log in to vCenter and upload the operating system package to the ESXi node.

    1. Click , and select the disk to be uploaded.
    2. To facilitate management, click to create a folder and click to upload the operating system software package to the new folder.

  2. Create a VM as the management node by referring to the official website, configure VM parameters, and install the operating system. Table 2-19 describes the management node requirements. Retain the default settings for other parameters.

    In Customized Hardware, pay attention to the following:

    • In Memory, select Reserved all client memory (All locked).
    • Select Datastore ISO File in New CD/DVD Drive, and select the operating system software package to be uploaded.
    Table 2-19 Management node requirements

    Parameter

    Requirement

    Name

    • The name can contain only digits, letters, and hyphens (-). The name must start with a letter and contains a maximum of 32 characters.
    • The node name must be unique and cannot be the same as the cluster name.

    Example: FSM01

    Disk

    • 3 to 128 storage nodes: 100 GB
    • 129 to 256 storage nodes: 160 GB
    • 257 to 4096 storage nodes: 300 GB
    • Only local disks are supported.

    Operating system

    See Compatibility.

    NIC

    1

    CPU

    See CPU.

    Memory

    See Memory.

  3. Click to power on the management node and click to open the management node. Install the operating system by referring to the official website of each operating system. Table 2-20 describes the operating system partition requirements.

    Table 2-20 Partition requirements

    Mount Point

    Description

    Recommended Partition Size (GB)

    /

    Indicates the system root directory.

    20

    swap

    Indicates the memory swap partition.

    20

    /boot

    Indicates the kernel of the operating system and the file used in the boot process.

    0.4

    /boot/efi

    This partition is required for the server that uses EFI BIOS.

    0.3

    /usr

    Indicates the directory used to store system programs.

    20

    /opt

    Indicates the directory used to store the third-party software.

    40

    /tmp

    Indicates the directory used to store temporary files generated by users or running programs.

    40

    /var

    Indicates the directory used to store changed data during system running.

    5

    /var/log

    Indicates the log partition.

    60

    /var/log/audit

    Indicates the audit log partition.

    1

    /var/crash

    Indicates the crash log partition.

    30

    /opt/zk_disk

    Indicates a directory used to store the data of ZooKeeper.

    65

    /opt/ccdb_disk

    Indicates a directory used to store global distributed configuration data.

    20

    /opt/ccdb_disk2

    Indicates another directory used to store global distributed configuration data.

    20

    /opt/data_accelerate

    Indicates the dedicated partition for the CCDB and ZooKeeper acceleration.

    5

    /opt/coffer_data

    Indicates the partition with power failure protection capabilities.

    32

    NOTE:

    /boot and /boot/efi must use independent partitions, and other partitions must use LVM logical partitions.

  4. Configure a temporary IP address and a default route for the management node.

    1. Log in to the management node as user root. The default password is Huawei@123.
    2. Run the following command to configure a temporary IP address and a default route. Later, the IP address can be used to access DeviceManager Client where the management network can be configured.
      • Ifconfig Management plane NIC Temporary IPv4 address/Subnet mask bits up, for example, ifconfig eth0 192.168.40.15/24 up.
      • route add default gw Default gateway, for example, route add default gw 192.168.40.1.

  5. Create another management node if the primary/secondary mode is used.

    1. Clone a management node on another server or the current server. For details about how to clone a management node, see the official website document.
    2. Configure the management IP address and default route for the management node. For details, see 4.

  6. Perform this operation if the management node needs to use a third-party backup server.

    1. Copy the lftp-version.rpm file in the lftp directory of the FusionStorage_Tools_version.tar.gz software package to the home directory of the management node. For details, see Uploading Files to a Node Using FileZilla.
    2. Log in to the management node using the management IP address as user root. For details, see Logging In to the Server Using PuTTY (Network Port Mode).
    3. Run the rpm -ivh lftp-version.rpm command to install the LFTP software.

      LFTP software package: You can enter the first several characters of the package name, for example, lftp, and press Tab to associate the complete package name.

    4. If the primary/secondary mode is used, repeat the preceding steps to install the LFTP software on the other management node.

  7. Set the startup sequence of the management node.

    1. Log in to vCenter.
    2. Select an ESXi host and choose Configure > Virtual Machines > VM Startup/Shutdown.
    3. Click Edit. In the dialog box that is displayed, select Automatically start and stop the virtual machines with the system.
    4. Select a VM and click the up or down arrow key to move the VM to the Automatic Startup area. Set Startup Delay to 0.

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Updated: 2019-07-12

Document ID: EDOC1100081424

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