The gateway of the terminal is R2611. The gateway of the NMS is AR46.
Phenomenon: The terminal cannot ping through the NMS. The terminal, however, can ping through the IP address of the downstream interface on the R2611 that connects the AR26. The AR46 can ping through the NMS.
1. It is a route problem of the NMS. Check and find that there is a default route to the AR46 in the routing table of the NMS.
2. It is a route problem of the R2611. Check and find that the static route to the NMS is not configured on the R2611. Add a route to the routing table. The terminal still cannot ping through the NMS. Check the routing table of the R2611 and find that the route to the NMS is a direct route. The outbound interface is another port other than the port configured. Check and find that an IP address is assigned to this port and the IP address belongs to the same network segment as that of the NMS. The port is in the Up state. Thus, a direct route is generated. Because the direct route has the higher priority than the static route, data packets are forwarded to another port.
3. Delete the IP address of this outbound port on the R2611. Then, the problem is solved.
1. It is a route problem.
When the ping fails, you can check whether there are routes with different priorities.