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Configuration Guide - Reliability

S7700 and S9700 V200R011C10

This document describes the configuration of BFD, DLDP, VRRP, SmartLink, CFM, EFM, Y.1731 and MAC swap loopback to ensure reliability on the device.
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Example for Configuring Basic EFM Functions

Example for Configuring Basic EFM Functions

Networking Requirements

As networks develop quickly, more and more IP networks are used to carry multiple services such as voice and video services. These services pose high requirements on network reliability and rapid fault detection.

As shown in Figure 8-15, the network between CE1 and CE3 is newly deployed. The requirements on the network are as follows:
  • Link connectivity and quality on the network are tested before the network is started.

  • Link quality is dynamically monitored after links are properly started.

  • Traffic is switched to a backup link if the primary link fails.

Figure 8-15  Networking diagram for configuring basic EFM functions

Configuration Roadmap

The configuration roadmap is as follows:
  1. Configure basic EFM functions on CE1 and CE4 to monitor link connectivity.

  2. Configure remote loopback on CE1 to test the connectivity and performance of the link between CE1 and CE4 before the link is used to transmit services.

  3. Configure link monitoring on CE1 to monitor the performance and quality of the link between CE1 and CE4.

  4. Configure association between EFM and interfaces on CE4. When the link between CE1 and CE4 becomes faulty, traffic sent from CE4 will not be sent along the link.

Procedure

  1. Configure basic EFM functions.

    # Enable EFM on CE1 globally.

    <HUAWEI> system-view
    [HUAWEI] sysname CE1
    [CE1] efm enable

    # Enable EFM on GE1/0/2 of CE1.

    [CE1] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm enable
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

    # Enable EFM on CE4 globally.

    <HUAWEI> system-view
    [HUAWEI] sysname CE4
    [CE4] efm enable

    # Configure the EFM mode to passive on GE2/0/1 of CE4.

    [CE4] interface gigabitethernet 2/0/1
    [CE4-GigabitEthernet2/0/1] efm mode passive

    # Enable EFM on GE2/0/1 of CE4.

    [CE4-GigabitEthernet2/0/1] efm enable
    [CE4-GigabitEthernet2/0/1] quit

    # Verify the configuration.

    If EFM is correctly configured on CE1 and CE4, GE1/0/2 and GE2/0/1 will enter the handshake phase. Run the display efm session { all | interface interface-type interface-num } command on CE1 or CE4. The command output shows that the EFM status is detect on GE1/0/2 or GE 2/0/1.

    [CE1] display efm session all
      Interface                 EFM State                   Loopback Timeout
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      GigabitEthernet1/0/2     detect                        --

  2. Configure remote loopback.

    # Configure remote loopback on CE1.

    [CE1] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm loopback start
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

    Verify the configuration.

    After configuring remote loopback, run the display efm session { all | interface interface-type interface-num } command on CE1. The command output shows that the EFM status is loopback (control) on GE1/0/2.

    [CE1] display efm session interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
      Interface                 EFM State                   Loopback Timeout
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      GigabitEthernet1/0/2     loopback (control)          20

    After configuring remote loopback, run the display efm session { all | interface interface-type interface-num } command on CE4. The command output shows that the EFM status is loopback (be controlled) on GE2/0/1.

    [CE4] display efm session interface gigabitethernet 2/0/1
      Interface                 EFM State                   Loopback Timeout
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      GigabitEthernet2/0/1     loopback (be controlled)    --

  3. Configure CE1 to send test packets to CE4.

    [CE1] test-packet start interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
    Please wait..............
    Info: The test is completed.

  4. Check returned test packets on CE1.

    [CE1] display test-packet result
      TestResult         Value
    --------------------------------------------------------
      PacketsSend    :   5
      PacketsReceive :   5
      PacketsLost    :   0
      BytesSend      :   320
      BytesReceive   :   320
      BytesLost      :   0
      StartTime      :   03-05-2012 14:28:16 UTC+03:00
      EndTime        :   03-05-2012 14:29:22 UTC+03:00

    Link quality can be evaluated based on data in the preceding command output.

  5. Disable remote loopback.

    [CE1] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm loopback stop
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit
    NOTE:

    By default, the timeout interval for remote loopback is 20 minutes. The remote loopback test stops after 20 minutes. To disable remote loopback, perform the preceding procedures.

  6. Verify the configuration.

    After disabling remote loopback, run the display efm session { all | interface interface-type interface-num } command on CE1 or CE4. The command output shows that the EFM status is detect on the interfaces at both ends of the link. For example:

    [CE1] display efm session all
      Interface                 EFM State                   Loopback Timeout
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      GigabitEthernet1/0/2     detect                        --

    If the link is working properly, perform the following operations to monitor the link in real time.

  7. Configure errored code detection, errored frame detection, and errored frame second detection on GE1/0/2 of CE1.

    # Configure errored code detection on GE1/0/2 of CE1.

    [CE1] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-frame period 5
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-frame threshold 5
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-frame notification enable

    # Configure errored frame detection on GE1/0/2 of CE1.

    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-code period 5
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-code threshold 5
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-code notification enable

    # Configure errored frame second detection on GE1/0/2 of CE1.

    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-frame-second period 120
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-frame-second threshold 5
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] efm error-frame-second notification enable
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

  8. Verify the configuration.

    After the preceding configurations are complete, GE1/0/2 on CE1 and GE2/0/1 on CE4 will enter the handshake phase. Run the display efm session { all | interface interface-type interface-num } command on CE1 or CE4. The command output shows that the EFM status is detect on GE1/0/2 or GE2/0/1.

    [CE1] display efm session interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
      Interface                 EFM State                   Loopback Timeout
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      GigabitEthernet1/0/2     detect                        --

    After the preceding configurations are complete, run the display efm { all | interface interface-type interface-number } command to check EFM configurations.

    [CE1] display efm interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
        Item                            Value
        ----------------------------------------------------
        Interface:                      GigabitEthernet1/0/2
        EFM Enable Flag:                enable
        Mode:                       active
        Loopback IgnoreRequest:     no
        OAMPDU MaxSize:                 128
        OAMPDU Timeout:                 5000  
        OAMPDU Interval:                1000
        Parser:                         forward
        Multiplexer:                    forward
        ErrCodeNotification:        enable
        ErrCodePeriod:              5
        ErrCodeThreshold:           5
        ErrFrameNotification:       enable
        ErrFramePeriod:             5
        ErrFrameThreshold:          5
        ErrFrameSecondNotification: enable
        ErrFrameSecondPeriod:       120
        ErrFrameSecondThreshold:    5
        Hold Up Time:                   0
        ThresholdEvtTriggerErrDown:     disable
        TriggerIfDown:                  disable
        TriggerMacRenew:                disable
        Remote MAC:                     0010-0010-0010
        Remote EFM Enable Flag:         enable
        Remote Mode:                    passive
        Remote MaxSize:                 128
        Remote Loopback IgnoreRequest:  no  
        Remote State:                   --
        Remote Parser:                  forward  
        Remote Multiplexer:             forward
        ErrFramePeriodNotification:     disable
        ErrFramePeriodPeriod:           200000
        ErrFramePeriodThreshold:        1
        Loopback Remain Time:           --

  9. Configure association between EFM and GE2/0/2 on CE4.

    [CE4] oam-mgr
    [CE4-oam-mgr] oam-bind efm interface gigabitethernet 2/0/1 trigger if-down interface gigabitethernet 2/0/2 
    [CE4-oam-mgr] quit

  10. Verify the configuration.

    After the preceding configurations are complete, run the shutdown command on GE1/0/2 of CE1. The command output shows that the current state field value is TRIGGER DOWN (3AH) on GE2/0/2 of CE4.

    [CE1] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] shutdown
    [CE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit
    [CE4] display interface gigabitethernet 2/0/2
    GigabitEthernet2/0/2 current state : TRIGGER DOWN (3AH) 
    Line protocol current state : DOWN                                              
    ...
    
    NOTE:

    The output of the display interface gigabitethernet 2/0/2 command displays information that you need to concern and "..." indicates that information is omitted.

Configuration Files

  • CE1 configuration file

    #
    sysname CE1
    #
    efm enable
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2
     efm enable                                                                     
     efm error-frame period 5                                                       
     efm error-frame threshold 5                                                    
     efm error-frame notification enable                                            
     efm error-frame-second period 120                                              
     efm error-frame-second threshold 5                                             
     efm error-frame-second notification enable                                     
     efm error-code period 5                                                        
     efm error-code threshold 5                                                     
     efm error-code notification enable                  
    #                                                 
    return
  • CE4 configuration file

    #
    sysname CE4
    #
    efm enable
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet2/0/1
     efm mode passive
     efm enable
    #
    oam-mgr
     oam-bind ingress efm interface GigabitEthernet2/0/1 trigger if-down egress interface GigabitEthernet2/0/2
     oam-bind ingress interface GigabitEthernet2/0/2 egress efm interface GigabitEthernet2/0/1 trigger if-down
    #
    return
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Updated: 2019-10-18

N. documento: EDOC1000178318

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