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S9300, S9300E, S9300X V200R010C00 配置指南-MPLS

本文档介绍了设备支持的MPLS相关配置。主要内容包括静态LSP的基本原理和配置过程、MPLS LDP的基本原理和配置过程、MPLS QoS的基本原理和配置过程、MPLS TE的基本原理和配置过程、MPLS OAM的基本原理和配置过程、Seamless MPLS的基本原理和配置过程,并提供相关的配置案例。
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配置禁止向远端对等体分配标签示例

配置禁止向远端对等体分配标签示例

组网需求

图3-18所示,PE1、PE2和PE3由MPLS骨干网P设备连接,各设备间运行IS-IS路由协议。使用公网LSP隧道来承载L2VPN业务,PE1分别与PE2、PE3建立远端LDP会话来传递私网标签信息,在PE1和PE2之间、PE1和PE3之间建立动态PW(Pseudo Wire)。

在MPLS网络中,LDP不但会传递私网标签信息,还会为其远端对等体分配普通的LDP标签。如果网络中存在多个LDP远端对等体的时候,会导致很多空闲标签存在,大量占用系统资源。要求能够控制LDP向远端对等体分标签,以节约系统资源。

图3-18  配置禁止向远端对等体分配标签组网图

配置思路

配置禁止向远端对等体分配标签,可以实现此需求。采用如下配置思路:

  1. 在PE、P上配置IS-IS,实现骨干网的IP连通性。

  2. 在PE、P上配置本地LDP会话,实现创建公网LSP隧道来承载L2VPN业务。

  3. 在PE上配置远端LDP会话,实现传递私网标签信息来建立动态PW。

  4. 在PE上配置禁止向远端对等体分配标签,实现禁止PE1与PE2、PE3间分配普通的LDP标签,以节约系统资源。

操作步骤

  1. 交换机上创建VLAN、VLANIF接口,配置VLANIF接口的IP地址,并将相应的物理接口加入到VLAN

    # 配置PE1。P、PE2和PE3的配置与PE1类似,不再赘述。

    <Quidway> system-view
    [Quidway] sysname PE1
    [PE1] interface loopback 0
    [PE1-LoopBack0] ip address 1.1.1.1 32
    [PE1-LoopBack0] quit
    [PE1] vlan batch 10
    [PE1] interface vlanif 10
    [PE1-Vlanif10] ip address 40.1.1.1 24
    [PE1-Vlanif10] quit
    [PE1] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/1
    [PE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port link-type trunk
    [PE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port trunk allow-pass vlan 10
    [PE1-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit
    

  2. 配置IS-IS协议发布各节点接口所连网段和LSR ID的主机路由

    # 配置PE1。

    [PE1] isis 1
    [PE1-isis-1] is-level level-2
    [PE1-isis-1] network-entity 86.4501.0010.0100.0001.00
    [PE1-isis-1] quit
    [PE1] interface vlanif 10
    [PE1-Vlanif10] isis enable 1
    [PE1-Vlanif10] quit
    [PE1] interface loopback 0
    [PE1-LoopBack0] isis enable 1
    [PE1-LoopBack0] quit
    

    # 配置P。

    [P] isis 1
    [P-isis-1] is-level level-2
    [P-isis-1] network-entity 86.4501.0030.0300.0003.00
    [P-isis-1] quit
    [P] interface vlanif 10
    [P-Vlanif10] isis enable 1
    [P-Vlanif10] quit
    [P] interface vlanif 20
    [P-Vlanif20] isis enable 1
    [P-Vlanif20] quit
    [P] interface vlanif 30
    [P-Vlanif30] isis enable 1
    [P-Vlanif30] quit
    [P] interface loopback 0
    [P-LoopBack0] isis enable 1
    [P-LoopBack0] quit
    

    # 配置PE2。

    [PE2] isis 1
    [PE2-isis-1] is-level level-2
    [PE2-isis-1] network-entity 86.4501.0050.0500.0005.00
    [PE2-isis-1] quit
    [PE2] interface vlanif 20
    [PE2-Vlanif20] isis enable 1
    [PE2-Vlanif20] quit
    [PE2] interface loopback 0
    [PE2-LoopBack0] isis enable 1
    [PE2-LoopBack0] quit
    

    # 配置PE3。

    [PE3] isis 1
    [PE3-isis-1] is-level level-2
    [PE3-isis-1] network-entity 86.4501.0040.0400.0004.00
    [PE3-isis-1] quit
    [PE3] interface vlanif 30
    [PE3-Vlanif30] isis enable 1
    [PE3-Vlanif30] quit
    [PE3] interface loopback 0
    [PE3-LoopBack0] isis enable 1
    [PE3-LoopBack0] quit
    

  3. 配置本地LDP会话

    # 配置PE1。

    [PE1] mpls lsr-id 1.1.1.1
    [PE1] mpls
    [PE1-mpls] quit
    [PE1] mpls ldp
    [PE1-mpls-ldp] quit
    [PE1] interface vlanif 10
    [PE1-Vlanif10] mpls
    [PE1-Vlanif10] mpls ldp
    [PE1-Vlanif10] quit
    

    # 配置P。

    [P] mpls lsr-id 2.2.2.2
    [P] mpls
    [P-mpls] quit
    [P] mpls ldp
    [P-mpls-ldp] quit
    [P] interface vlanif 10
    [P-Vlanif10] mpls
    [P-Vlanif10] mpls ldp
    [P-Vlanif10] quit
    [P] interface vlanif 20
    [P-Vlanif20] mpls
    [P-Vlanif20] mpls ldp
    [P-Vlanif20] quit
    [P] interface vlanif 30
    [P-Vlanif30] mpls
    [P-Vlanif30] mpls ldp
    [P-Vlanif30] quit
    

    # 配置PE2。

    [PE2] mpls lsr-id 5.5.5.5
    [PE2] mpls
    [PE2-mpls] quit
    [PE2] mpls ldp
    [PE2-mpls-ldp] quit
    [PE2] interface vlanif 20
    [PE2-Vlanif20] mpls
    [PE2-Vlanif20] mpls ldp
    [PE2-Vlanif20] quit
    

    # 配置PE3。

    [PE3] mpls lsr-id 4.4.4.4
    [PE3] mpls
    [PE3-mpls] quit
    [PE3] mpls ldp
    [PE3-mpls-ldp] quit
    [PE3] interface vlanif 30
    [PE3-Vlanif30] mpls
    [PE3-Vlanif30] mpls ldp
    [PE3-Vlanif30] quit
    

    上述配置完成后,相邻节点之间应该建立起LDP会话以及公网LSP。在各节点上执行display mpls ldp session命令可以看到显示结果中Status项为“Operational”。以PE1的显示为例:

    [PE1] display mpls ldp session
    
     LDP Session(s) in Public Network
     Codes: LAM(Label Advertisement Mode), SsnAge Unit(DDDD:HH:MM)
     A '*' before a session means the session is being deleted.
     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     PeerID             Status      LAM  SsnRole  SsnAge      KASent/Rcv
     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     2.2.2.2:0          Operational DU   Passive  0000:00:01  6/6
     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     TOTAL: 1 session(s) Found.

    执行display mpls ldp lsp命令可以看到建立的LSP情况和标签的分配情况。

    [PE1] display mpls ldp lsp
    
     LDP LSP Information
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Flag after Out IF: (I) - LSP Is Only Iterated by RLFA
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     DestAddress/Mask   In/OutLabel    UpstreamPeer    NextHop         OutInterface
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     1.1.1.1/32         3/NULL         2.2.2.2         127.0.0.1       InLoop0
    *1.1.1.1/32         Liberal/1025                   DS/2.2.2.2
     2.2.2.2/32         NULL/3         -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     2.2.2.2/32         1024/3         2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     4.4.4.4/32         NULL/1024      -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     4.4.4.4/32         1025/1024      2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     5.5.5.5/32         NULL/1026      -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     5.5.5.5/32         1022/1026      2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     TOTAL: 7 Normal LSP(s) Found.
     TOTAL: 1 Liberal LSP(s) Found.
     TOTAL: 0 Frr LSP(s) Found.
     A '*' before an LSP means the LSP is not established
     A '*' before a Label means the USCB or DSCB is stale
     A '*' before a UpstreamPeer means the session is stale
     A '*' before a DS means the session is stale
     A '*' before a NextHop means the LSP is FRR LSP
    

  4. 在PW两端的PE之间要建立MPLS LDP远端对等体关系

    # 配置PE1。

    [PE1] mpls ldp remote-peer pe2
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe2] remote-ip 5.5.5.5
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe2] quit
    [PE1] mpls ldp remote-peer pe3
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe3] remote-ip 4.4.4.4
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe3] quit
    

    # 配置PE2。

    [PE2] mpls ldp remote-peer pe1
    [PE2-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] remote-ip 1.1.1.1
    [PE2-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] quit
    

    # 配置PE3。

    [PE3] mpls ldp remote-peer pe1
    [PE3-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] remote-ip 1.1.1.1
    [PE3-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] quit
    

    上述配置完成后,各PE节点之间应该建立起远端LDP会话。在各节点上执行display mpls ldp session命令可以看到显示结果中Status项为“Operational”。以PE1的显示为例:

    [PE1] display mpls ldp session
    
     LDP Session(s) in Public Network
     Codes: LAM(Label Advertisement Mode), SsnAge Unit(DDDD:HH:MM)
     A '*' before a session means the session is being deleted.
     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     PeerID             Status      LAM  SsnRole  SsnAge      KASent/Rcv
     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     2.2.2.2:0          Operational DU   Passive  0000:00:18  75/75
     4.4.4.4:0          Operational DU   Passive  0000:00:10  43/43
     5.5.5.5:0          Operational DU   Passive  0000:00:12  50/50
     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     TOTAL: 3 session(s) Found.

    执行display mpls ldp lsp命令可以看到各PE设备都给自己的远端邻居分配了Liberal标签,但实际上这些标签在PWE3方式的MPLS L2VPN应用中是空闲无用的,且占用了大量系统资源。

    [PE1] display mpls ldp lsp
    
     LDP LSP Information
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Flag after Out IF: (I) - LSP Is Only Iterated by RLFA
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     DestAddress/Mask   In/OutLabel    UpstreamPeer    NextHop         OutInterface
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     1.1.1.1/32         3/NULL         2.2.2.2         127.0.0.1       InLoop0
     1.1.1.1/32         3/NULL         5.5.5.5         127.0.0.1       InLoop0
     1.1.1.1/32         3/NULL         4.4.4.4         127.0.0.1       InLoop0
    *1.1.1.1/32         Liberal/1025                   DS/2.2.2.2
    *1.1.1.1/32         Liberal/1024                   DS/5.5.5.5
    *1.1.1.1/32         Liberal/1025                   DS/4.4.4.4
     2.2.2.2/32         NULL/3         -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     2.2.2.2/32         1024/3         2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     2.2.2.2/32         1024/3         5.5.5.5         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     2.2.2.2/32         1024/3         4.4.4.4         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
    *2.2.2.2/32         Liberal/1025                   DS/5.5.5.5
    *2.2.2.2/32         Liberal/1024                   DS/4.4.4.4
     4.4.4.4/32         NULL/1024      -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     4.4.4.4/32         1025/1024      2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     4.4.4.4/32         1025/1024      5.5.5.5         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     4.4.4.4/32         1025/1024      4.4.4.4         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
    *4.4.4.4/32         Liberal/1026                   DS/5.5.5.5
    *4.4.4.4/32         Liberal/3                      DS/4.4.4.4
     5.5.5.5/32         NULL/1026      -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     5.5.5.5/32         1022/1026      2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     5.5.5.5/32         1022/1026      5.5.5.5         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     5.5.5.5/32         1022/1026      4.4.4.4         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
    *5.5.5.5/32         Liberal/3                      DS/5.5.5.5
    *5.5.5.5/32         Liberal/1026                   DS/4.4.4.4
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     TOTAL: 15 Normal LSP(s) Found.
     TOTAL: 9 Liberal LSP(s) Found.
     TOTAL: 0 Frr LSP(s) Found.
     A '*' before an LSP means the LSP is not established
     A '*' before a Label means the USCB or DSCB is stale
     A '*' before a UpstreamPeer means the session is stale
     A '*' before a DS means the session is stale
     A '*' before a NextHop means the LSP is FRR LSP
    

  5. 在PW两端的PE之间配置禁止向远端对等体分配标签

    # 配置PE1。

    [PE1] mpls ldp remote-peer pe2
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe2] remote-ip 5.5.5.5 pwe3
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe2] quit
    [PE1] mpls ldp remote-peer pe3
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe3] remote-ip 4.4.4.4 pwe3
    [PE1-mpls-ldp-remote-pe3] quit
    

    # 配置PE2。

    [PE2] mpls ldp remote-peer pe1
    [PE2-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] remote-ip 1.1.1.1 pwe3
    [PE2-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] quit
    

    # 配置PE3。

    [PE3] mpls ldp remote-peer pe1
    [PE3-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] remote-ip 1.1.1.1 pwe3
    [PE3-mpls-ldp-remote-pe1] quit
    

    上述配置完成后,相邻节点之间应该LDP远端会话所分配的标签将会被禁止。在各节点上执行display mpls ldp lsp命令可以看到配置禁止向远端对等体分配标签后的LSP建立情况。以PE1的显示为例:

    [PE1] display mpls ldp lsp
    
     LDP LSP Information
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Flag after Out IF: (I) - LSP Is Only Iterated by RLFA
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     DestAddress/Mask   In/OutLabel    UpstreamPeer    NextHop         OutInterface
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     1.1.1.1/32         3/NULL         2.2.2.2         127.0.0.1       InLoop0
    *1.1.1.1/32         Liberal/1024                   DS/2.2.2.2
     2.2.2.2/32         NULL/3         -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     2.2.2.2/32         1025/3         2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     4.4.4.4/32         NULL/1024      -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     4.4.4.4/32         1025/1024      2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     5.5.5.5/32         NULL/1026      -               40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     5.5.5.5/32         1022/1026      2.2.2.2         40.1.1.2        Vlanif10
     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     TOTAL: 7 Normal LSP(s) Found.
     TOTAL: 1 Liberal LSP(s) Found.
     TOTAL: 0 Frr LSP(s) Found.
     A '*' before an LSP means the LSP is not established
     A '*' before a Label means the USCB or DSCB is stale
     A '*' before a UpstreamPeer means the session is stale
     A '*' before a DS means the session is stale
     A '*' before a NextHop means the LSP is FRR LSP
    

    大量空闲的远端标签及LSP已经撤销,LSP的建立情况又恢复到了只有本地会话的情况。

配置文件

  • PE1的配置文件

    #
    sysname PE1
    #
    vlan batch 10
    #
    mpls lsr-id 1.1.1.1
    mpls
    #
    mpls ldp
    #
    mpls ldp remote-peer pe2
     remote-ip 5.5.5.5 pwe3
    #
    mpls ldp remote-peer pe3
     remote-ip 4.4.4.4 pwe3
    #
    isis 1
     is-level level-2
     network-entity 86.4501.0010.0100.0001.00
    #
    interface Vlanif10
     ip address 40.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
     isis enable 1
     mpls
     mpls ldp
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10
    #
    interface LoopBack0
     ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
     isis enable 1
    #
    return
    
  • P的配置文件

    #
    sysname P
    #
    vlan batch 10 20 30
    #
    mpls lsr-id 2.2.2.2
    mpls
    #
    mpls ldp
    #
    isis 1
     is-level level-2
     network-entity 86.4501.0030.0300.0003.00
    #
    interface Vlanif10
     ip address 40.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
     isis enable 1
     mpls
     mpls ldp
    #
    interface Vlanif20
     ip address 20.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
     isis enable 1
     mpls
     mpls ldp
    #
    interface Vlanif30
     ip address 30.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
     isis enable 1
     mpls
     mpls ldp
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 30
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/3
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 20
    #
    interface LoopBack0
     ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255
     isis enable 1
    #
    return
    
  • PE2的配置文件

    #
    sysname PE2
    #
    vlan batch 20
    #
    mpls lsr-id 5.5.5.5
    mpls
    #
    mpls ldp
    #
    mpls ldp remote-peer pe1
     remote-ip 1.1.1.1 pwe3
    #
    isis 1
     is-level level-2
     network-entity 86.4501.0050.0500.0005.00
    #
    interface Vlanif20
     ip address 20.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
     isis enable 1
     mpls
     mpls ldp
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 20
    #
    interface LoopBack0
     ip address 5.5.5.5 255.255.255.255
     isis enable 1
    #
    return
    
  • PE3的配置文件

    #
    sysname PE3
    #
    vlan batch 30
    #
    mpls lsr-id 4.4.4.4
    mpls
    #
    mpls ldp
    #
    mpls ldp remote-peer pe1
     remote-ip 1.1.1.1 pwe3
    #
    isis 1
     is-level level-2
     network-entity 86.4501.0040.0400.0004.00
    #
    interface Vlanif30
     ip address 30.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
     isis enable 1
     mpls
     mpls ldp
    #
    interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 30
    #
    interface LoopBack0
     ip address 4.4.4.4 255.255.255.255
     isis enable 1
    #
    return
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