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CX916, CX916L, CX930 交换模块 V100R001 诊断命令参考 04

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pads diagnose neighbor ospf

pads diagnose neighbor ospf

命令功能

pads diagnose neighbor ospf命令用来查看OSPF邻居建立异常和震荡异常的信息。

命令格式

pads diagnose neighbor { establish-abnormal | flap } ospf [ process-id ] [ interface interface-type interface-number ]

参数说明

参数 参数说明 取值
establish-abnormal 显示OSPF邻居建立异常的信息。 -
flap 显示OSPF邻居震荡异常的信息。 -
process-id 指定OSPF进程号。 整数形式,取值范围是1~4294967295。
interface interface-type interface-number 指定接口类型和接口编号。 -

视图

诊断视图

缺省级别

3:管理级

使用指南

pads diagnose neighbor ospf命令用来查看OSPF邻居建立异常和震荡异常信息,帮助定位OSPF邻居建立异常和震荡异常的问题。

使用实例

# 显示OSPF邻居震荡异常的信息。

<HUAWEI> system-view
[~HUAWEI] diagnose
[~HUAWEI-diagnose] pads diagnose neighbor flap ospf
Start diagnose at 2017-12-15 06:12:17, Estimated time:30 seconds.
End diagnose at 2017-12-15 06:12:18, Actual time:0 seconds.
Diagnose report:
 
         OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.1.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Interface            NBR-Peer-IP     NBR-Down-Time    State      Reason
GigabitEthernet1/0/0 10.1.1.2        12-14 14:07:36   Full->ExSt Run the opaque-enable command in the OSPF process view.

# 显示OSPF邻居建立异常的信息。

<HUAWEI> system-view
[~HUAWEI] diagnose
[~HUAWEI-diagnose] pads diagnose neighbor establish-abnormal ospf
Start diagnose at 2017-12-15 06:18:40, Estimated time:30 seconds.
End diagnose at 2017-12-15 06:18:41, Actual time:0 seconds.
Diagnose report:

         OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.1.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Interface            NBR-Peer-IP     Last-Detect-Time State      Reason
GigabitEthernet1/0/0 --              12-15 06:18:40   --         Configured the silent-interface command in the OSPF process view.
表12-202 pads diagnose neighbor ospf命令输出信息描述

项目

描述

Start diagnose

开始诊断时间。

Estimated time

预计使用的时间。

End diagnose

结束诊断时间。

Actual time

实际使用的时间。

Diagnose report

诊断报告。

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.1.1

OSPF进程为1,Router ID为10.1.1.1。

Interface

接口名称。

NBR-Peer-IP

邻居设备IP地址。

NBR-Down-Time

邻居震荡时间。

State

当查看OSPF邻居震荡异常的信息时,表示邻居的状态变化。

当查看OSPF邻居建立异常的信息时,表示邻居的状态。

Reason

当查看OSPF邻居震荡异常的信息时,表示邻居震荡原因。详细原因请参见表12-203

当查看OSPF邻居建立异常的信息时,表示邻居建立异常原因。详细原因请参见表12-204

Last-Detect-Time

上一次检测时间。

表12-203 OSPF邻居震荡原因列表

项目

描述

The area IDs at the two ends are different.

配置错误,邻居两端区域ID不一致。

An LSA with an incorrect type is received.

收到错误LSA报文,LSA类型错误。

An LSA with a mismatched LSA E option is received.

收到错误LSA报文,LSA E选项不匹配。

An LSA with a mismatched LSA NSSA option is received.

收到错误LSA报文,LSA NSSA选项不匹配。

A DD packet with a mismatched sequence number is received. The sequence number of the local device is XX, and the sequence number of the neighbor is XX.

收到错误DD报文,报文的序号不匹配,本设备的序号为XX,邻居设备的序号为XX。

A DD packet with a mismatched MS option is received.

收到错误DD报文,报文的MS选项不匹配。

A DD packet with a mismatched I option is received.

收到错误DD报文,报文的I选项不匹配。

A DD packet with a mismatched option is received. The option of the local device is XX, and the option of the neighbor is XX.

收到错误DD报文,报文的选项不匹配,本设备的选项为XX,邻居设备的选项为XX。

An incorrect DD packet with an LSA header is received.

收到错误DD报文,DD协商报文错误的携带了LSA头。

A DD packet is received when the neighbor status is higher than Exchange.

收到错误DD报文,邻居状态大于ExChange时收到DD报文。

The MTUs of the two ends do not match.

配置错误,邻居两端MTU不匹配。

The MTUs of the two ends do not match. The MTU of the local device is XX, and the MTU of the neighbor is XX.

配置错误,邻居两端MTU不匹配,本设备的MTU值为XX,邻居设备的MTU值为XX。

The OSPF process restarts because the corresponding command is run manually or OSPF detects a router ID conflict.

OSPF进程重启,可能原因是执行了重启OSPF进程命令行,或OSPF检测到Router ID冲突自动重启OSPF进程。

The command for modifying the OSPF area type is run.

执行了修改OSPF区域类型的命令。

The OSPF neighbor relationship goes Down because the interface is Down.

接口Down触发OSPF邻居Down。

The command for modifying the OSPF interface type is run.

执行了修改OSPF接口类型的命令。

The dcn ospf timer command is run in the interface view.

接口视图下执行dcn ospf timer命令。

The undo peer command is applied to an NBMA neighbor in the OSPF view.

OSPF视图下针对NBMA接口执行undo peer命令。

The silent-interface command is run in the OSPF view.

OSPF视图下执行silent-interface命令。

The OSPF neighbor relationship goes Down because the BFD session is Down.

BFD会话Down触发OSPF邻居Down。

The LSA requested by the neighbor is received, but the local LSDB does not contain the LSA.

收到邻居设备请求的LSA,但是本地LSDB没有该LSA。

The LSA requested by the neighbor is received, but the local LSDB does not contain the corresponding updated LSA.

收到邻居设备请求的LSA,但是本地LSDB没有更新的该LSA。

The ospf mtu-enable command is run in the interface view.

接口视图执行ospf mtu-enable命令。

The opaque-enable command is run in the OSPF view.

OSPF视图执行opaque-enable命令。

The undo opaque-enable command is run in the OSPF view.

OSPF视图执行undo opaque-enable命令。

When the CPU usage exceeds the threshold, the neighbor that has not reached the Full state goes Down.

CPU超限,OSPF邻居状态未达到FULL的邻居主动触发Down。

When the number of LSAs exceeds the threshold, the neighbor that has not reached the Full state goes Down.

LSA数量超限,OSPF邻居状态未达到FULL的邻居主动触发Down。

The OSPF neighbor relationship cannot be established for a long time, and the device attempts to reestablish an OSPF neighbor relationship.

OSPF邻居长时间无法建立,设备主动尝试重新建立。

The ospf filter-lsa-out command is run in the interface view.

接口视图下执行ospf filter-lsa-out命令。

The OSPF GR process triggers neighbor reestablishment, which is normal.

OSPF GR流程触发邻居重建,正常流程。

The device requests an AS scope LSA, but the neighbor does not support the external capability.

设备请求AS范围的LSA,但是邻居不支持Extern能力。

The device requests an NSSA LSA, but the neighbor does not support the NSSA capability.

设备请求NSSA LSA,但是邻居不支持NSSA能力。

The device requests an Opaque LSA, but the neighbor does not support the Opaque capability.

设备请求Opaque LSA,但是邻居不支持Opaque能力。

The OSPF neighbor relationship cannot be established for a long time, and the device attempts to reestablish an OSPF neighbor relationship.

OSPF邻居长时间无法建立,设备主动尝试重新建立。

The neighbor does not receive any packets from the local device and notifies the local device that the neighbor relationship is Down. The local device sends packets normally. The socket component sends packets at yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss, and the LDM component sends packets at hh:mm:ss.

对端设备未收到本端设备的报文,通知本端设备邻居Down。本设备发送报文正常,Socket发送报文时间点为yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss,LDM发送报文时间点为hh:mm:ss。

The device fails to send packets, and the communication between the OSPF and socket components is abnormal.

设备发送报文失败,OSPF与socket通信异常。

The device and the socket component fail to send packets.

设备发送报文失败,Socket发送报文失败。

The device and the LDM component fail to send packets.

设备发送报文失败,LDM发送报文失败。

The device and the XX component fail to send packets. The error code is XX.

设备发送报文失败,XX组件发送失败,错误码为XX。

Hello timer expired.Device processing packet timeout, LDM received at yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss, Socket received at hh:mm:ss, Socket don't send packet to OSPF

Hello timer超时。设备处理报文超时,LDM接收报文时间:yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss,Socket接收报文时间:yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss。

Hello timer expired.Device processing packet timeout, LDM received at yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss, Socket received at hh:mm:ss, OSPF received at hh:mm:ss

Hello timer超时。设备处理报文超时,LDM接收报文时间:yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss,Socket未发送报文给OSPF。

Hello timer expired. The device receives packets abnormally. The XX component fails to receive packets. The error code is XX.

Hello timer超时。设备接收报文异常,XX组件接收报文失败,错误码为XX。

Hello timer expired.The internal communication of the device is normal.

Hello timer超时。设备内部通信正常。

The device kill OSPF neighbor for unknown reason.

未知原因导致OSPF邻居Down。

表12-204 OSPF邻居建立异常原因列表

项目

描述

The IP address segments of the interfaces at both ends do not match.

配置错误,邻居两端接口IP地址网段不匹配。

The interface types of the two ends do not match.

配置错误,邻居两端接口类型不匹配。

The Key IDs or passwords of the two ends do not match.

配置错误,邻居两端认证key-id或者密码不匹配。

The length of the authentication passwords of the two ends is incorrect.

配置错误,邻居两端认证密码长度错误。

The authentication types of the two ends do not match.

配置错误,邻居两端认证类型不匹配。

The authentication passwords of the two ends are incorrect.

配置错误,邻居两端认证密码错误。

The router IDs of the two ends conflict.

配置错误,邻居两端Router ID配置冲突。

The Hello timers of the two ends are different.

配置错误,邻居两端Hello timer间隔不一致。

The Dead timers of the two ends are different.

配置错误,邻居两端Dead timer间隔不一致。

An error packet is received, and both the E and N bits are set in the packet.

收到错误报文,报文同时设置了E、N比特。

The area types of the two ends do not match. The area type of one of the ends is stub.

配置错误,区域类型不匹配,其中一端为Stub区域。

The area types of the two ends do not match. The area type of one of the ends is NSSA.

配置错误,区域类型不匹配,其中一端为NSSA区域。

An error packet is received, and the authentication sequence number is incorrect.

收到错误报文,认证序号错误。

An error Hello packet is received. The source IP address of the packet is 0.0.0.0 or 255.255.255.255.

收到错误Hello报文,报文源IP为0.0.0.0或255.255.255.255。

The interface IP addresses of the two ends conflict.

配置错误,邻居两端接口IP地址配置冲突。

An error packet is received, and the checksum of the packet is incorrect.

收到错误报文,报文的校验和错误。

An OSPF neighbor relationship cannot be established because the number of LSAs exceeds the upper limit.

LSA数量超限,无法新建OSPF邻居。

An error packet is received, and the version of the packet is incorrect.

收到错误报文,报文的版本号错误。

No peer information is configured for the NBMA interface in the OSPF process of the local device.

配置错误,本端设备OSPF进程下没有针对NBMA接口配置对应的Peer信息。

The type of the OSPF interface whose IP address is borrowed is not P2P.

配置错误,地址借用的接口,OSPF接口类型不是P2P。

An error packet is received. The length of the packet is greater than that of the IP packet.

收到错误报文,报文长度非法,报文长度大于IP报文长度。

An error packet is received. The length of the packet is less than that of the OSPF packet.

收到错误报文,报文长度非法,报文长度小于OSPF报文头长度。

The router ID of the Vlink neighbor configured on the local device is different from the router ID carried in the received packet.

配置错误,本设备配置的Vlink邻居的Router ID与收到报文携带的Router ID不一致。

An error packet is received, and the corresponding OSPF neighbor information does not exist on the device.

收到错误报文,设备上对应的OSPF邻居信息不存在。

OSPF is in LDP-IGP synchronization Down state and does not receive Hello packets.

OSPF处于LDP联动Down状态,不接收Hello报文。

Hello packets are not received when the number of neighbors exceeds the threshold.

邻居数量超限,不接收Hello报文。

The area IDs at the two ends are different.

配置错误,邻居两端区域ID不一致。

The interface is Down.

接口状态为Down。

The number of OSPF neighbors exceeds the upper limit.

OSPF邻居数量超限。

The silent-interface command is run in the OSPF view.

OSPF视图下配置了silent-interface命令。

The P2P interface receives a Hello packet from a third-party device, and the neighbor's IP address is X.X.X.X.

P2P接口收到第三方设备的Hello报文,邻居IP:X.X.X.X。

Unknown reason.

未知原因。

The status of the interfaces at both ends is DROther, but no DR is elected by broadcast interfaces.

邻居两端接口状态均为DROther,但是广播网接口没有选举出DR。

The status of the interfaces at both ends is DROther, and the OSPF neighbor relationship is in 2-way state.

邻居两端接口状态均为DROther,OSPF邻居为2-way为正常状态。

The diagnosis is invalid because the number of concurrent diagnostic instances exceeds the threshold.

由于并发诊断的实例超限,诊断无效。

OSPF is performing LSDB synchronization. After the synchronization is complete, the neighbor relationship will enter the Full state.

OSPF正在交换LSDB,交换完成后邻居将达到Full状态。

The device fails to receive and send DD packets. The XX component fails to receive packets. The error code is XXX. The XX component fails to send packets. The error code is XXX.

设备接收和发送DD报文均失败,XX组件接收报文失败,错误码是XXX,XX组件发送报文失败,错误码是XXX。

The device and the XXX component fail to receive DD packets. The error code is XXX. The socket component fails to send packets.

设备接收DD报文失败,XXX组件接收报文失败,错误码是XXX,Socket组件发送报文失败。

The device and the XXX component fail to receive DD packets. The error code is XXX. The LDM component fails to send packets.

设备接收DD报文失败,XXX组件接收报文失败,错误码是XXX,LDM组件发送报文失败。

The device and the XXX component fail to receive DD packets. The error code is XXX.

设备接收DD报文失败,XXX组件接收报文失败,错误码是XXX。

The device fails to send DD packets. The XXX component fails to receive packets. The error code is XXX.

设备发送DD报文失败,XXX组件接收报文失败,错误码是XXX。

DD packets fail to be transmitted, and the communication between the OSPF and socket components is abnormal.

DD报文传输失败,OSPF与Socket通信异常。

The neighbor does not receive packets from the local device. The local device sends packets normally. The time when the socket component sends packets is yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss, and the time when the LDM component sends packets is hh:mm:ss.

对端设备未收到本端设备的报文。本设备发送报文正常,Socket发送报文时间点为yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss,LDM发送报文时间点为hh:mm:ss。

The device fails to send packets, and the communication between the OSPF and socket components is abnormal.

设备发送报文失败,OSPF与socket通信异常。

The device and the socket component fail to send packets.

设备发送报文失败,Socket发送报文失败。

The device and the LDM component fail to send packets.

设备发送报文失败,LDM发送报文失败。

The device and the XXX component fail to send packets. The error code is XXX.

设备发送报文失败,XXX组件发送失败,错误码为XXX。

OSPF fails to receive Hello packets. The packet processing times out. The time when the LDM component receives packets is yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss, and the time when the socket component receives packets is yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss.

OSPF未收到Hello报文。设备处理报文超时,LDM接收报文时间:yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss,Socket接收报文时间:yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss。

OSPF fails to receive Hello packets. The packet processing is abnormal. The time when the LDM component receives packets is yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss, and the socket component does not send packets to OSPF.

OSPF未收到Hello报文。设备处理报文异常,LDM接收报文时间:yyyy-mm-dd hh-mm-ss,Socket没有将报文上送给OSPF。

OSPF fails to receive Hello packets. The device receives packets abnormally. The XXX component fails to receive packets. The error code is XXX.

OSPF未收到Hello报文。设备接收报文异常,XXX组件接收报文失败,错误码为XXX。

OSPF fails to receive Hello packets, but the internal communication of the device is normal.

OSPF未收到Hello报文。设备内部通信正常。

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