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CloudEngine 12800, 12800E V200R003C00 配置指南-以太网交换

本文档针对设备的以太网业务,主要包括以太网交换概述、MAC配置、以太网链路聚合配置、M-LAG(跨设备链路聚合)配置、VLAN配置、QinQ配置、VLAN mapping配置、GVRP配置、STP/RSTP配置、MSTP配置、VBST配置、ERPS(G.8032)配置、Loopback Detection配置和二层协议透明传输配置。
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配置ERPS单环多实例示例

配置ERPS单环多实例示例

以ERPS单环多实例组网为例,重点介绍如何配置ERPS功能,帮助您配置ERPS基本功能。

组网需求

以太网交换网络中为了进行链路备份,提高网络可靠性,通常会使用冗余链路。但是使用冗余链路会在交换网络上产生环路,导致广播风暴以及MAC地址表不稳定等故障现象,从而导致用户通信质量较差,甚至通信中断。

为了解决使用冗余链路引起的环路问题,可以在组成环网的设备上部署ERPS协议,ERPS协议是ITU-T定义的一种二层破环协议标准,且收敛速度快,可以满足收敛速度达到电信级可靠性要求。

图12-17所示,以部署多实例的ERPS环为例,SwitchA~SwitchD组成环形组网,位于汇聚层,汇聚环完成业务的二层汇聚外,同时接入上级三层网络进行业务处理。汇聚环运行ERPS协议,提供汇聚环的二层冗余保护倒换功能。在SwitchA~SwitchD上配置两个ERPS实例ERPS环1和ERPS环2,ERPS环1阻塞SwitchB的P1端口,ERPS环2阻塞SwitchA的P2端口,实现负载分担并提供链路备份。

图12-17 ERPS多实例组网图

配置思路

采用如下的思路配置ERPS环:

  1. 配置加入ERPS环的所有端口类型为Trunk型。

  2. 创建ERPS环,并配置控制VLAN和保护实例。

  3. 将二层端口加入ERPS环并配置端口角色。

  4. 配置ERPS环的Guard Timer和WTR Timer定时器。

  5. 配置SwitchA~SwitchD二层转发功能。

操作步骤

  1. 配置加入ERPS环的所有端口类型为Trunk型。

    # 配置SwitchA。

    <HUAWEI> system-view
    [~HUAWEI] sysname SwitchA
    [*HUAWEI] commit
    [~SwitchA] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchA] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchB。

    <HUAWEI> system-view
    [~HUAWEI] sysname SwitchB
    [*HUAWEI] commit
    [~SwitchB] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchB] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchC。

    <HUAWEI> system-view
    [~HUAWEI] sysname SwitchC
    [*HUAWEI] commit
    [~SwitchC] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchC] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchD。

    <HUAWEI> system-view
    [~HUAWEI] sysname SwitchD
    [*HUAWEI] commit
    [~SwitchD] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchD] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] port link-type trunk
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] quit

  2. 创建ERPS环1、ERPS环2并配置两个ERPS环的保护实例,配置ERPS环1的控制VLAN ID为10,ERPS环2的控制VLAN ID为20,ERPS环1传递VLAN100~VLAN200的数据报文,ERPS环2传递VLAN300~VLAN400的数据报文。

    # 配置SwitchA。

    [~SwitchA] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring1] control-vlan 10
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring1] protected-instance 1
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchA-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchA] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchA-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
    [*SwitchA-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchA-mst-region] quit
    [~SwitchA] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring2] control-vlan 20
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring2] protected-instance 2
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchA-erps-ring2] quit
    [~SwitchA] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchA-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    [*SwitchA-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchA-mst-region] quit

    # 配置SwitchB。

    [~SwitchB] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring1] control-vlan 10
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring1] protected-instance 1
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchB-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchB] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchB-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
    [*SwitchB-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchB-mst-region] quit
    [~SwitchB] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring2] control-vlan 20
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring2] protected-instance 2
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchB-erps-ring2] quit
    [~SwitchB] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchB-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    [*SwitchB-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchB-mst-region] quit

    # 配置SwitchC。

    [~SwitchC] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring1] control-vlan 10
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring1] protected-instance 1
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchC-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchC] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchC-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
    [*SwitchC-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchC-mst-region] quit
    [~SwitchC] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring2] control-vlan 20
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring2] protected-instance 2
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchC-erps-ring2] quit
    [~SwitchC] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchC-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    [*SwitchC-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchC-mst-region] quit

    # 配置SwitchD。

    [~SwitchD] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring1] control-vlan 10
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring1] protected-instance 1
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchD-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchD] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchD-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
    [*SwitchD-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchD-mst-region] quit
    [~SwitchD] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring2] control-vlan 20
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring2] protected-instance 2
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchD-erps-ring2] quit
    [~SwitchD] stp region-configuration
    [~SwitchD-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    [*SwitchD-mst-region] commit
    [~SwitchD-mst-region] quit

  3. 将二层端口加入ERPS环并配置端口角色,分别将SwitchA的端口10GE1/0/1SwitchB的端口10GE1/0/2配置为RPL owner。

    # 配置SwitchA。

    [~SwitchA] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] stp disable
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 2 rpl owner
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchA] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] stp disable
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchB。

    [~SwitchB] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] stp disable
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchB] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] stp disable
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 1 rpl owner
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchC。

    [~SwitchC] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] stp disable
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchC] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] stp disable
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchD。

    [~SwitchD] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] stp disable
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchD] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] stp disable
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 1
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] erps ring 2
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] quit

  4. 配置ERPS环的Guard Timer和WTR Timer定时器。

    # 配置SwitchA。

    [~SwitchA] erps ring 1
    [~SwitchA-erps-ring1] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring1] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchA-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchA] erps ring 2
    [~SwitchA-erps-ring2] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring2] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchA-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchA-erps-ring2] quit

    # 配置SwitchB。

    [~SwitchB] erps ring 1
    [~SwitchB-erps-ring1] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring1] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchB-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchB] erps ring 2
    [~SwitchB-erps-ring2] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring2] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchB-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchB-erps-ring2] quit

    # 配置SwitchC。

    [~SwitchC] erps ring 1
    [~SwitchC-erps-ring1] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring1] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchC-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchC] erps ring 2
    [~SwitchC-erps-ring2] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring2] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchC-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchC-erps-ring2] quit

    # 配置SwitchD。

    [~SwitchD] erps ring 1
    [~SwitchD-erps-ring1] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring1] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring1] commit
    [~SwitchD-erps-ring1] quit
    [~SwitchD] erps ring 2
    [~SwitchD-erps-ring2] wtr-timer 6
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring2] guard-timer 100
    [*SwitchD-erps-ring2] commit
    [~SwitchD-erps-ring2] quit

  5. 配置SwitchA~SwitchD二层转发功能。

    # 配置SwitchA。

    [~SwitchA] vlan batch 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchA] commit
    [~SwitchA] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchA] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchA-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchB。

    [~SwitchB] vlan batch 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchB] commit
    [~SwitchB] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchB] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchB-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchC。

    [~SwitchC] vlan batch 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchC] commit
    [~SwitchC] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchC] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchC-10GE1/0/2] quit

    # 配置SwitchD。

    [~SwitchD] vlan batch 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchD] commit
    [~SwitchD] interface 10ge 1/0/1
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] commit
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/1] quit
    [~SwitchD] interface 10ge 1/0/2
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] port trunk allow-pass vlan 100 to 200 300 to 400
    [*SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] commit
    [~SwitchD-10GE1/0/2] quit

  6. 验证配置结果

    # 在网络稳定后,在设备上执行display erps,查看设备加入的ERPS环的端口和环的概要信息。以SwitchB为例。

    [~SwitchB] display erps
    D : Discarding
    F : Forwarding
    R : RPL Owner
    N  : RPL Neighbour
    FS : Forced Switch
    MS : Manual Switch
    Total number of rings configured = 2
    Ring  Control  WTR Timer  Guard Timer  Port 1              Port 2
    ID    VLAN     (min)      (csec)
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       1       10          6          100  (F)10GE1/0/1        (D,R)10GE1/0/2
       2       20          6          100  (F)10GE1/0/1        (F)10GE1/0/2
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    

    # 在设备上执行display erps verbose,查看设备加入的ERPS环的端口和环的详细信息。以SwitchB为例。

    [~SwitchB] display erps verbose
    Ring ID                             : 1
    Description                         : Ring 1
    Control Vlan                        : 10
    Protected Instance                  : 1
    Service Vlan                        : 100 to 200
    WTR Timer Setting (min)             : 6      Running (s)           : 0
    Guard Timer Setting (csec)          : 100    Running (csec)        : 0
    Holdoff Timer Setting (deciseconds) : 0      Running (deciseconds) : 0
    WTB Timer Running (csec)            : 0
    Ring State                          : Idle
    RAPS_MEL                            : 7
    Revertive Mode                      : Revertive
    R-APS Channel Mode                  : -
    Version                             : 1
    Sub-ring                            : No
    Forced Switch Port                  : -
    Manual Switch Port                  : -
    TC-Notify                           : -
    Time since last topology change     : 0 days 0h:35m:5s
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Port                Port Role     Port Status     Signal Status
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    10GE1/0/1           Common        Forwarding      Non-failed
    10GE1/0/2           RPL Owner     Discarding      Non-failed
    
    Ring ID                             : 2
    Description                         : Ring 2
    Control Vlan                        : 20
    Protected Instance                  : 2
    Service Vlan                        : 300 to 400
    WTR Timer Setting (min)             : 6      Running (s)           : 0
    Guard Timer Setting (csec)          : 100    Running (csec)        : 0
    Holdoff Timer Setting (deciseconds) : 0      Running (deciseconds) : 0
    WTB Timer Running (csec)            : 0
    Ring State                          : Idle
    RAPS_MEL                            : 7
    Revertive Mode                      : Revertive
    R-APS Channel Mode                  : -
    Version                             : 1
    Sub-ring                            : No 
    Forced Switch Port                  : -
    Manual Switch Port                  : -
    TC-Notify                           : -
    Time since last topology change     : 0 days 0h:35m:30s
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Port                Port Role     Port Status     Signal Status
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    10GE1/0/1           Common        Forwarding      Non-failed
    10GE1/0/2           Common        Forwarding      Non-failed
    
    

配置文件

  • SwitchA的配置文件

    #
    sysname SwitchA
    #
    vlan batch 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
    #
    stp region-configuration
     instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
     instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    #
    erps ring 1
     control-vlan 10
     protected-instance 1
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    erps ring 2
     control-vlan 20
     protected-instance 2
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1
     erps ring 2 rpl owner
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/2
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1
     erps ring 2
    #
    return
  • SwitchB的配置文件

    #
    sysname SwitchB
    #
    vlan batch 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
    #
    stp region-configuration
     instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
     instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    #
    erps ring 1
     control-vlan 10
     protected-instance 1
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    erps ring 2
     control-vlan 20
     protected-instance 2
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1
     erps ring 2
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/2
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1 rpl owner
     erps ring 2
    #
    return
  • SwitchC的配置文件

    #
    sysname SwitchC
    #
    vlan batch 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
    #
    stp region-configuration
     instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
     instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    #
    erps ring 1
     control-vlan 10
     protected-instance 1
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    erps ring 2
     control-vlan 20
     protected-instance 2
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1
     erps ring 2
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/2
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1
     erps ring 2
    #
    return
  • SwitchD的配置文件

    #
    sysname SwitchD
    #
    vlan batch 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
    #
    stp region-configuration
     instance 1 vlan 10 100 to 200
     instance 2 vlan 20 300 to 400
    #
    erps ring 1
     control-vlan 10
     protected-instance 1
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    erps ring 2
     control-vlan 20
     protected-instance 2
     wtr-timer 6
     guard-timer 100
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/1
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1
     erps ring 2
    #
    interface 10GE1/0/2
     port link-type trunk
     port trunk allow-pass vlan 10 20 100 to 200 300 to 400
     stp disable
     erps ring 1
     erps ring 2
    #
    return
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更新时间:2019-05-05

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